Our unique analysis of the bills Hawkins sponsored and cosponsored provides insight into his position in the House of Representatives.
Each dot in the chart below was a member of the House of Representatives in 1990. The dots are positioned horizontally according to our progressive—conservative ideology score and vertically according to our leadership score (leaders toward the top). Hawkins is shown as a purple triangle. (analysis methodology)
Hawkins was the primary sponsor of 29 bills that were enacted. The most recent include:
- H.R. 7 (101st): Carl D. Perkins Vocational and Applied Technology Education Act Amendments of 1990
- H.R. 3910 (101st): 1992 National Assessment of Chapter 1 Act
- H.J.Res. 475 (101st): Designating April 1990 as “National Recycling Month”.
- H.R. 3614 (101st): Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act Amendments of 1989
- H.R. 24 (101st): Child Nutrition and WIC Reauthorization Act of 1989
- H.J.Res. 102 (101st): To designate April 1989 as “National Recycling Month”.
- H.R. 4731 (100th): WIN Demonstration Program Extension Act of 1988
We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if about one third or more of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).
Hawkins sponsored bills primarily in these issue areas:
Some of Hawkins’s most recently sponsored bills include...
- H.R. 5932 (101st): Educational Equity and Excellence Act of 1990
- H.R. 5806 (101st): Urban Schools of America (USA) Act of 1990
- H.R. 5115 (101st): Equity and Excellence in Education Act of 1990
- H.J.Res. 531 (101st): Designating May 4, 1990, as Department of Education Day.
- H.R. 4379 (101st): Equity and Excellence in Education Implementation Act of 1990
- H.R. 4330 (101st): National Service Act of 1990
- H.R. 4130 (101st): Twenty-First Century Teachers Act
From Jan 1963 to Oct 1990, Hawkins missed 2,320 of 11,813 roll call votes, which is 19.6%. This is much worse than the median of 4.8% among the lifetime records of representatives serving in Oct 1990. The chart below reports missed votes over time.
|Time Period||Votes Eligible||Missed Votes||Percent||Percentile|
The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including:
- Congress-Legislators, a community project collecting election information
- The House and Senate websites, for committee membership and voting records
- United States Congressional Roll Call Voting Records, 1789-1990 by Howard L. Rosenthal and Keith T. Poole.
- Martis’s “The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress”, via Keith Poole’s roll call votes data set, for political party affiliation for Members of Congress from 1789 through about year 2000
- Biographical Directory of the United States Congress for the photo
- GPO.gov/FDSys, for sponsored bills