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Sen. Barbara Boxer

Former Senator for California

Boxer was a senator from California and was a Democrat. She served from 1993 to 2016.

She was previously the representative for California’s 6th congressional district as a Democrat from 1983 to 1992.

Photo of Sen. Barbara Boxer [D-CA, 1993-2016]


Legislative Metrics

Read our 2016 Report Card for Boxer.

Ideology–Leadership Chart

Boxer is shown as a purple triangle in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot was a member of the Senate in 2016 positioned according to our liberal–conservative ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).

The chart is based on the bills Boxer sponsored and cosponsored. See full analysis methodology.

Enacted Legislation

Boxer was the primary sponsor of 41 bills that were enacted. The most recent include:

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We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if about one third or more of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).

Bills Sponsored

Issue Areas

Boxer sponsored bills primarily in these issue areas:

Public Lands and Natural Resources (16%) International Affairs (16%) Health (15%) Armed Forces and National Security (11%) Environmental Protection (11%) Education (10%) Government Operations and Politics (9%) Transportation and Public Works (9%)

Recent Bills

Some of Boxer’s most recently sponsored bills include...

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Voting Record

Key Votes

Boxer’s Vote Vote Description
Yea H.R. 5325: Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 2017
Sep 28, 2016. Bill Passed 72/26.
Nay H.R. 636: America’s Small Business Tax Relief Act of 2015
Apr 19, 2016. Bill Passed 95/3.
This bill became the vehicle for passage of the reauthorization of the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) for fiscal year 2017. The bill was introduced as the America’s Small Business Tax Relief Act of 2015, and it passed the House in that form on February 13, ...
Yea H.J.Res. 124 (113th): Continuing Appropriations Resolution, 2015
Sep 18, 2014. Joint Resolution Passed 78/22.
Nay H.R. 1249 (112th): Leahy-Smith America Invents Act
Sep 8, 2011. Bill Passed 89/9.
The Leahy–Smith America Invents Act (AIA) is a United States federal statute that was passed by Congress and was signed into law by President Barack Obama on September 16, 2011. The law represents the most significant change to the U.S. patent system since 1952, and ...
Nay S. 23 (112th): America Invents Act
Mar 8, 2011. Bill Passed 95/5.
Yea H.R. 4853 (111th): Tax Relief, Unemployment Insurance Reauthorization, and Job Creation Act of 2010
Dec 15, 2010. Motion Agreed to 81/19.
The Tax Relief, Unemployment Insurance Reauthorization, and Job Creation Act of 2010 (Pub.L. 111–312, H.R. 4853, 124 Stat. 3296, enacted December 17, 2010), also known as the 2010 Tax Relief Act, was passed by the United States Congress on December 16, 2010, and signed into ...
Nay On the Nomination PN959: Ben S. Bernanke, of New Jersey, to be Chairman of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System for a term of four ...
Jan 28, 2010. Nomination Confirmed 70/30.
Yea On the Nomination PN177: Gen. George W. Casey, Jr., in the Army, to be General
Feb 8, 2007. Nomination Confirmed 83/14.

Missed Votes

From Feb 1993 to Dec 2016, Boxer missed 344 of 7,878 roll call votes, which is 4.4%. This is much worse than the median of 1.8% among the lifetime records of senators serving in Dec 2016. The chart below reports missed votes over time.

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Primary Sources

The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including: