Frank, a Democrat, was the representative for Massachusetts’s 4th congressional district from 1981 to 2012.
Frank is shown as a purple triangle ▲ in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot was a member of the House of Representatives in 2013 positioned according to our liberal–conservative ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).
The chart is based on the bills Frank sponsored and cosponsored. See full analysis methodology.
Frank was the primary sponsor of 31 bills that were enacted. The most recent include:
- H.R. 5758 (111th): To designate the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 2 Government Center in Fall River, Massachusetts, as the “Sergeant Robert Barrett Post Office Building”.
- H.R. 5297 (111th): Small Business Jobs Act of 2010
- H.R. 5981 (111th): To increase the flexibility of the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development with respect to the amount of premiums charged for FHA single family housing mortgage insurance, ...
- H.R. 5872 (111th): General and Special Risk Insurance Funds Availability Act of 2010
- H.R. 5099 (111th): To designate the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 15 South Main Street in Sharon, Massachusetts, as the “Michael C. Rothberg Post Office”.
- H.R. 4173 (111th): Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act
- H.R. 3126 (111th): Consumer Financial Protection Agency Act of 2009
We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if about one third or more of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).
Frank sponsored bills primarily in these issue areas:
Finance and Financial Sector (25%) Foreign Trade and International Finance (21%) Government Operations and Politics (13%) Law (10%) Economics and Public Finance (9%) Housing and Community Development (8%) Commerce (8%) Crime and Law Enforcement (7%)
Some of Frank’s most recently sponsored bills include...
- H.R. 6613 (112th): Markets and Trading Reorganization Act
- H.R. 6316 (112th): To amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to exclude from income ...
- H.R. 6193 (112th): Religious Workers Visa Act
- H.R. 6145 (112th): New Bedford Whaling National Historical Park Resources Assistance Act
- H.R. 5860 (112th): Executive Compensation Clawback Full Enforcement Act
- H.R. 5794 (112th): Fair Debt Collection Practices Clarification Act of 2012
- H.R. 5059 (112th): To extend the suspension of duty on 5-Chloro-3-hydroxy-2-methoxy-2-naphthanilide.
From Jan 1981 to Jan 2013, Frank missed 883 of 18,814 roll call votes, which is 4.7%. This is worse than the median of 2.6% among the lifetime records of representatives serving in Jan 2013. ProPublica has tracked 5 explanations for these missed votes. The chart below reports missed votes over time.
|Time Period||Votes Eligible||Missed Votes||Percent||Percentile|
The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including:
- @unitedstates/congress-legislators, a community project gathering congressional information
- The House and Senate websites, for committee membership and voting records
- United States Congressional Roll Call Voting Records, 1789-1990 by Howard L. Rosenthal and Keith T. Poole.
- Martis’s “The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress”, via Keith Poole’s roll call votes data set, for political party affiliation for Members of Congress from 1789 through about year 2000
- Congressional Pictorial Directory for the photo
- GPO.gov/FDSys, for sponsored bills