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Rep. Billy Long

Representative for Missouri’s 7th District

pronounced BIH-lee // lawng


Long is the representative for Missouri’s 7th congressional district (view map) and is a Republican. He has served since Jan 5, 2011. Long is next up for reelection in 2022 and serves until Jan 3, 2023.

Long is among the Republican legislators who participated in the months-long attempted coup that included the January 6, 2021 insurrection at the Capitol. Shortly after the 2020 election, Long joined a case before the Supreme Court calling for all the votes for president in Georgia, Michigan, Pennsylvania, and Wisconsin — states that were narrowly won by Democrats — to be discounted based on lies and a preposterous legal argument which the Supreme Court rejected. Following the rejection of several related cases before the Supreme Court, another legislator who joined the case called for violence. Many legislators were a part of a coordinated campaign by the Trump Administration to pressure the Vice President, who was also the vice presidential candidate on the Republican ticket, to exclude Democratic states from the electoral count rather than follow the Constitution's procedure in which Congress may vote to exclude electors. On January 6, 2021 in the hours after the attack on the Capitol, Long voted to reject the state-certified election results of Arizona and/or Pennsylvania (states narrowly won by Democrats), which would have excluded them from the Electoral College count that determined the next President of the United States and potentially changed the outcome of the election. These legislators have generally changed their story after their vote, claiming it was merely a protest and not intended to change the outcome of the election as they clearly sought prior to the vote.
Photo of Rep. Billy Long [R-MO7]

Analysis

Ideology–Leadership Chart

Long is shown as a purple triangle in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot is a member of the House of Representatives positioned according to our ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).

The chart is based on the bills Long has sponsored and cosponsored from Jan 3, 2017 to Jan 20, 2022. See full analysis methodology.

Committee Membership

Billy Long sits on the following committees:

Enacted Legislation

Long was the primary sponsor of 2 bills that were enacted:

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Does 2 not sound like a lot? Very few bills are ever enacted — most legislators sponsor only a handful that are signed into law. But there are other legislative activities that we don’t track that are also important, including offering amendments, committee work and oversight of the other branches, and constituent services.

We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if at least about half of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).

Bills Sponsored

Issue Areas

Long sponsors bills primarily in these issue areas:

Science, Technology, Communications (40%) Health (35%) Transportation and Public Works (15%) Water Resources Development (10%)

Recently Introduced Bills

Long recently introduced the following legislation:

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Most legislation has no activity after being introduced.

Voting Record

Key Votes

Long voted Nay

Long voted Nay

Passed 327/85 on Dec 21, 2020.

This bill became the vehicle for passage of the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2021, a major government funding bill, which also included economic stimulus provisions due …

Long voted Nay

Long voted Nay

Passed 363/40 on Mar 14, 2020.

The federal government has enacted four main stimulus laws in response to the covid-19 pandemic. Here’s a brief rundown of what each of these legislative …

Long voted Aye

Long voted Yea

Passed 338/88 on May 13, 2015.

The USA Freedom Act (H.R. 2048, Pub.L. 114–23) is a U.S. law enacted on June 2, 2015 that restored in modified form several provisions of …

Long voted Yea

Passed 219/206 on Dec 11, 2014.

This bill became the vehicle for passage of the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015 [pdf], which was approved by the House on December …

Long voted Aye

Long voted Aye

Passed 304/117 on Jun 23, 2011.

The Leahy–Smith America Invents Act (AIA) is a United States federal statute that was passed by Congress and was signed into law by President Barack …

Missed Votes

From Jan 2011 to Jan 2022, Long missed 248 of 6,762 roll call votes, which is 3.7%. This is worse than the median of 2.1% among the lifetime records of representatives currently serving. The chart below reports missed votes over time.

We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses and major life events.

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Primary Sources

The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including: