Hayes was the representative for Illinois’s 1st congressional district and was a Democrat. He served from 1983 to 1992.
Hayes is shown as a purple triangle ▲ in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot was a member of the House of Representatives in 1992 positioned according to our ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).
The chart is based on the bills Hayes sponsored and cosponsored from Jan 6, 1987 to Oct 9, 1992. See full analysis methodology.
Hayes was the primary sponsor of 1 bill that was enacted:
- H.R. 2281 (101st): To amend the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 to extend the authorization for certain school dropout demonstration programs.
Does 1 not sound like a lot? Very few bills are ever enacted — most legislators sponsor only a handful that are signed into law. But there are other legislative activities that we don’t track that are also important, including offering amendments, committee work and oversight of the other branches, and constituent services.
We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if at least about half of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).
Hayes sponsored bills primarily in these issue areas:
Some of Hayes’s most recently sponsored bills include...
- H.R. 5363 (102nd): To amend title 39, United States Code, to permit essential civilians supporting ...
- H.R. 5141 (102nd): To exclude shipboard supervisory personnel from selection as employer representatives and for ...
- H.R. 4775 (102nd): Postal Employees Safety and Health Act
- H.R. 4122 (102nd): Infrastructure Improvement and Job Opportunity Act
- H.Con.Res. 270 (102nd): Expressing the sense of the Congress that the Federal Government should promote ...
- H.R. 3362 (102nd): To amend the Higher Education Act of 1965 to establish programs for ...
- H.R. 3133 (102nd): Occupational Safety and Health Hazards Victims’ Rights Act
From Sep 1983 to Oct 1992, Hayes missed 152 of 4,260 roll call votes, which is 3.6%. This is on par with the median of 4.4% among the lifetime records of representatives serving in Oct 1992. The chart below reports missed votes over time.
We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses and major life events.
|Time Period||Votes Eligible||Missed Votes||Percent||Percentile|
The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including:
- unitedstates/congress-legislators, a community project gathering congressional information
- The House and Senate websites, for committee membership and voting records
- United States Congressional Roll Call Voting Records, 1789-1990 by Howard L. Rosenthal and Keith T. Poole.
- Martis’s “The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress”, via Keith Poole’s roll call votes data set, for political party affiliation for Members of Congress from 1789 through about year 2000
- Biographical Directory of the United States Congress for the photo
- GovInfo.gov, for sponsored bills