Percy is shown as a purple triangle ▲ in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot was a member of the Senate in 1984 positioned according to our liberal–conservative ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).
The chart is based on the bills Percy sponsored and cosponsored from Jan 15, 1979 to Oct 12, 1984. See full analysis methodology.
Percy was the primary sponsor of 21 bills that were enacted. The most recent include:
- S. 2583 (98th): A bill to authorize United States participation in the “Office International de la Vigne et du Vin” (the International Office of the Vine and Wine).
- S. 2988 (98th): A bill to amend the Tax Equity and Fiscal Responsibility Act of 1982 with respect to the effect of the 1985 increase in the Federal unemployment tax ...
- S. 746 (98th): Illinois and Michigan Canal National Heritage Corridor Act of 1984
- S.J.Res. 111 (98th): A joint resolution expressing the sense of the Congress with respect to international efforts to further a revolution in child health.
- S. 376 (98th): A bill to amend the Debt Collection Act of 1982 to eliminate the requirement that contracts for collection services to recover indebtedness owed the United States be ...
- S. 639 (98th): Lebanon Emergency Assistance Act of 1983
- S. 2611 (97th): A bill to amend the Peace Corps Act.
Does 21 not sound like a lot? Very few bills are ever enacted — most legislators sponsor only a handful that are signed into law. But there are other legislative activities that we don’t track that are also important, including offering amendments, committee work and oversight of the other branches, and constituent services.
We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if at least about half of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).
Percy sponsored bills primarily in these issue areas:
International Affairs (28%) Economics and Public Finance (22%) Government Operations and Politics (20%) Armed Forces and National Security (8%) Foreign Trade and International Finance (7%) Finance and Financial Sector (7%) Education (5%) Labor and Employment (4%)
Some of Percy’s most recently sponsored bills include...
- S.Res. 479 (98th): A resolution to express the sense of the Senate that the President ...
- S. 3069 (98th): International Security and Development Cooperation Act of 1984
- S. 3044 (98th): Department of Defense False Claims Act of 1984
- S. 3037 (98th): 1984 Act to Combat International Terrorism
- S. 3000 (98th): A bill to authorize the provision of foreign assistance for agricultural activities ...
- S. 2988 (98th): A bill to amend the Tax Equity and Fiscal Responsibility Act of ...
- S. 2939 (98th): A bill to provide for an additional bankruptcy judgeship for the Central ...
From Jan 1967 to Oct 1984, Percy missed 1,459 of 8,504 roll call votes, which is 17.2%. This is much worse than the median of 6.9% among the lifetime records of senators serving in Oct 1984. The chart below reports missed votes over time.
We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses and major life events.
|Time Period||Votes Eligible||Missed Votes||Percent||Percentile|
The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including:
- unitedstates/congress-legislators, a community project gathering congressional information
- United States Congressional Roll Call Voting Records, 1789-1990 by Howard L. Rosenthal and Keith T. Poole.
- Martis’s “The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress”, via Keith Poole’s roll call votes data set, for political party affiliation for Members of Congress from 1789 through about year 2000
- Biographical Directory of the United States Congress for the photo
- GovInfo.gov, for sponsored bills