Long, a Democrat, was the representative for Maryland's 2nd congressional district from 1963 to 1984.
Long is shown as a purple triangle ▲ in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot was a member of the House of Representatives in 1984 positioned according to our liberal–conservative ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).
The chart is based on the bills Long sponsored and cosponsored. See full analysis methodology.
Long was the primary sponsor of 4 bills that were enacted:
- H.R. 4559 (97th): Foreign Assistance and Related Programs Appropriations Act of 1982
- H.J.Res. 601 (96th): A joint resolution making an appropriation for the International Monetary Fund for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1981.
- H.R. 12931 (95th): Foreign Assistance and Related Programs Appropriations Act
- H.R. 7797 (95th): Foreign Assistance and Related Programs Appropriations Act
We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if about one third or more of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).
Long sponsored bills primarily in these issue areas:
Social Welfare (28%) Armed Forces and National Security (13%) Economics and Public Finance (12%) Labor and Employment (11%) Finance and Financial Sector (11%) Taxation (9%) Education (8%) International Affairs (8%)
Some of Long’s most recently sponsored bills include...
- H.J.Res. 661 (98th): A joint resolution to designate May 18, 1985, as “Fallen Heroes Day”.
- H.R. 6237 (98th): Foreign Assistance and Related Programs Appropriation Act, 1985
- H.J.Res. 475 (98th): A joint resolution designating 1984 as the “Year of the Secretary”.
- H.R. 4673 (98th): A bill to amend title II of the Social Security Act to ...
- H.R. 4383 (98th): A bill to amend title II of the Social Security Act to ...
- H.R. 4266 (98th): A bill to amend title IV of the Social Security Act to ...
- H.R. 4265 (98th): A bill to amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1954 to disregard ...
From Jan 1963 to Oct 1984, Long missed 456 of 9,080 roll call votes, which is 5.0%. This is on par with the median of 7.0% among the lifetime records of representatives serving in Oct 1984. The chart below reports missed votes over time.
|Time Period||Votes Eligible||Missed Votes||Percent||Percentile|
The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including:
- @unitedstates/congress-legislators, a community project gathering congressional information
- United States Congressional Roll Call Voting Records, 1789-1990 by Howard L. Rosenthal and Keith T. Poole.
- Martis’s “The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress”, via Keith Poole’s roll call votes data set, for political party affiliation for Members of Congress from 1789 through about year 2000
- GPO.gov/FDSys, for sponsored bills