Mica is shown as a purple triangle ▲ in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot was a member of the House of Representatives in 1988 positioned according to our liberal–conservative ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).
The chart is based on the bills Mica sponsored and cosponsored from Jan 3, 1983 to Oct 22, 1988. See full analysis methodology.
Mica was the primary sponsor of 7 bills that were enacted:
- H.R. 1777 (100th): Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989
- H.R. 5522 (99th): A bill to authorize the release to museums in the United States of certain objects owned by the United States Information Agency.
- H.R. 4151 (99th): Omnibus Diplomatic Security and Antiterrorism Act of 1986
- H.R. 2068 (99th): Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1986 and 1987
- H.J.Res. 369 (99th): A joint resolution to proclaim October 23, 1985, as “A Time of Remembrance” for all victims of terrorism throughout the world.
- H.R. 4746 (97th): A bill for the relief of Kin Chi Eng Sims.
- H.J.Res. 442 (96th): A joint resolution designating the week beginning June 22, 1980, as “National Athletic Boosters Week”.
Does 7 not sound like a lot? Very few bills are ever enacted — most legislators sponsor only a handful that are signed into law. But there are other legislative activities that we don’t track that are also important, including offering amendments, committee work and oversight of the other branches, and constituent services.
We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if at least about half of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).
Mica sponsored bills primarily in these issue areas:
International Affairs (27%) Government Operations and Politics (16%) Foreign Trade and International Finance (13%) Armed Forces and National Security (11%) Economics and Public Finance (11%) Health (9%) Crime and Law Enforcement (8%) Social Welfare (5%)
Some of Mica’s most recently sponsored bills include...
- H.Con.Res. 280 (100th): A concurrent resolution authorizing the 1988 Law Enforcement Torch Run for Special ...
- H.J.Res. 509 (100th): A joint resolution designating August 4, 1988, as “National Legion of Valor ...
- H.Res. 399 (100th): A resolution affirming that the House of Representatives recognizes Eric Arturo Delvalle ...
- H.Res. 397 (100th): A resolution affirming that the House of Representatives recognizes Eric Arturo Delvalle ...
- H.Con.Res. 243 (100th): A concurrent resolution calling for the resignation of General Noriega as the ...
- H.R. 3434 (100th): A bill to amend title 38, United States Code, with respect to ...
- H.R. 3305 (100th): A bill to amend title 38 of the United States Code to ...
From Jan 1979 to Oct 1988, Mica missed 510 of 4,823 roll call votes, which is 10.6%. This is worse than the median of 5.5% among the lifetime records of representatives serving in Oct 1988. The chart below reports missed votes over time.
We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses and major life events.
|Time Period||Votes Eligible||Missed Votes||Percent||Percentile|
The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including:
- unitedstates/congress-legislators, a community project gathering congressional information
- United States Congressional Roll Call Voting Records, 1789-1990 by Howard L. Rosenthal and Keith T. Poole.
- Martis’s “The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress”, via Keith Poole’s roll call votes data set, for political party affiliation for Members of Congress from 1789 through about year 2000
- GovInfo.gov, for sponsored bills