Karnes is shown as a purple triangle ▲ in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot was a member of the Senate in 1988 positioned according to our liberal–conservative ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).
The chart is based on the bills Karnes sponsored and cosponsored from Jan 26, 1983 to Oct 22, 1988. See full analysis methodology.
Karnes was the primary sponsor of 1 bill that was enacted:
- S.J.Res. 163 (100th): A joint resolution to designate the month of November, 1987, as “National Family Bread Baking Month”.
Does 1 not sound like a lot? Very few bills are ever enacted — most legislators sponsor only a handful that are signed into law. But there are other legislative activities that we don’t track that are also important, including offering amendments, committee work and oversight of the other branches, and constituent services.
We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if at least about half of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).
Karnes sponsored bills primarily in these issue areas:
Some of Karnes’s most recently sponsored bills include...
- S. 2864 (100th): Kids and Infants Deductible Care Act of 1988
- S.Res. 484 (100th): A resolution to ensure corn gluten exports to the European Community.
- S. 2841 (100th): A bill to provide that the Secretary of Transportation may not issue ...
- S. 2412 (100th): A bill to ensure continued funding for the Davis Creek Dam, North ...
- S. 2332 (100th): Agricultural Equity Act of 1988
- S.Res. 418 (100th): A resolution to expedite consideration of the diesel fuel tax.
- S. 2258 (100th): A bill to amend the Commercial Motor Vehicle Safety Act of 1986 ...
From Mar 1987 to Oct 1988, Karnes missed 131 of 769 roll call votes, which is 17.0%. This is much worse than the median of 5.9% among the lifetime records of senators serving in Oct 1988. The chart below reports missed votes over time.
We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses and major life events.
|Time Period||Votes Eligible||Missed Votes||Percent||Percentile|
The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including:
- unitedstates/congress-legislators, a community project gathering congressional information
- United States Congressional Roll Call Voting Records, 1789-1990 by Howard L. Rosenthal and Keith T. Poole.
- Martis’s “The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress”, via Keith Poole’s roll call votes data set, for political party affiliation for Members of Congress from 1789 through about year 2000
- Biographical Directory of the United States Congress for the photo
- GovInfo.gov, for sponsored bills