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Rep. David McKinley

Former Representative for West Virginia’s 1st District

pronounced DAY-vid // muh-KIN-lee

McKinley was the representative for West Virginia’s 1st congressional district and was a Republican. He served from 2011 to 2022.


In 2016 McKinley received a letter of reproval for remaining a named partner in his prior business after being elected to Congress. The House Committee on Ethics concluded that McKinley violated House rules and issued a letter of reproval.

Sep. 27, 2016 House Committee on Ethics concluded McKinley violated House rules and issued a letter of reproval
Photo of Rep. David McKinley [R-WV1, 2011-2022]


Legislative Metrics

Read our 2022 Report Card for McKinley.

Ideology–Leadership Chart

McKinley is shown as a purple triangle in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot was a member of the House of Representatives in 2022 positioned according to our ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).

The chart is based on the bills McKinley sponsored and cosponsored from Jan 3, 2017 to Dec 27, 2022. See full analysis methodology.

Enacted Legislation

McKinley was the primary sponsor of 12 bills that were enacted. The most recent include:

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Does 12 not sound like a lot? Very few bills are ever enacted — most legislators sponsor only a handful that are signed into law. But there are other legislative activities that we don’t track that are also important, including offering amendments, committee work and oversight of the other branches, and constituent services.

We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if at least about half of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).

Bills Sponsored

Issue Areas

McKinley sponsored bills primarily in these issue areas:

Health (37%) Environmental Protection (16%) Energy (16%) Taxation (10%) Public Lands and Natural Resources (6%) Crime and Law Enforcement (6%) Science, Technology, Communications (5%) Government Operations and Politics (5%)

Recently Introduced Bills

McKinley recently introduced the following legislation:

View All » | View Cosponsors »

Most legislation has no activity after being introduced.

Voting Record

Key Votes

McKinley voted Yea

Passed 225/204 on Sep 15, 2022.

McKinley voted Yea

McKinley voted Nay

McKinley voted Yea

McKinley voted Yea

Passed 226/184 on Oct 18, 2019.

McKinley voted No

Passed 218/208 on Jun 18, 2015.

This vote made H.R. 2146 the vehicle for passage of Trade Promotion Authority (TPA) for the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) trade deal currently being negotiated. H.R. …

McKinley voted Yea

Passed 338/88 on May 13, 2015.

The USA Freedom Act (H.R. 2048, Pub.L. 114–23) is a U.S. law enacted on June 2, 2015 that restored in modified form several provisions of …

McKinley voted Nay

Passed 219/206 on Dec 11, 2014.

This bill became the vehicle for passage of the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015 [pdf], which was approved by the House on December …

McKinley voted Aye

McKinley voted Nay

McKinley voted Aye

Passed 304/117 on Jun 23, 2011.

The Leahy–Smith America Invents Act (AIA) is a United States federal statute that was passed by Congress and was signed into law by President Barack …

Missed Votes

From Jan 2011 to Dec 2022, McKinley missed 146 of 7,297 roll call votes, which is 2.0%. This is on par with the median of 2.0% among the lifetime records of representatives serving in Dec 2022. The chart below reports missed votes over time.

We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses, major life events, and running for higher office.

Show the numbers...

Primary Sources

The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including: