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Rep. David McKinley

Representative for West Virginia’s 1st District

pronounced DAY-vid // muh-KIN-lee

McKinley is the representative for West Virginia’s 1st congressional district (view map) and is a Republican. He has served since Jan 5, 2011. McKinley is next up for reelection in 2022 and serves until Jan 3, 2023.

McKinley has cosponsored 69 bills introduced in the current Congress by Republican legislators who fomented the terrorist attack on the Capitol on January 6, 2021 by calling for entire states to be disenfranchised in the 2020 presidential election.


In 2016 McKinley received a letter of reproval for remaining a named partner in his prior business after being elected to Congress. The House Committee on Ethics concluded that McKinley violated House rules and issued a letter of reproval.

Sep. 27, 2016 House Committee on Ethics concluded McKinley violated House rules and issued a letter of reproval
Photo of Rep. David McKinley [R-WV1]


Legislative Metrics

Read our 2020 Report Card for McKinley.

Ideology–Leadership Chart

McKinley is shown as a purple triangle in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot is a member of the House of Representatives positioned according to our ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).

The chart is based on the bills McKinley has sponsored and cosponsored from Jan 3, 2017 to Jun 17, 2021. See full analysis methodology.

Ratings from Advocacy Organizations

United States Chamber of Commerce: 83% The Club for Growth: 51% The National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws: D League of Conservation Voters: 6% Human Rights Campaign: 0% Planned Parenthood Action Fund: 0%

Committee Membership

David McKinley sits on the following committees:

Enacted Legislation

McKinley was the primary sponsor of 9 bills that were enacted. The most recent include:

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Does 9 not sound like a lot? Very few bills are ever enacted — most legislators sponsor only a handful that are signed into law. But there are other legislative activities that we don’t track that are also important, including offering amendments, committee work and oversight of the other branches, and constituent services.

We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if at least about half of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).

Bills Sponsored

Issue Areas

McKinley sponsors bills primarily in these issue areas:

Health (30%) Energy (16%) Taxation (14%) Environmental Protection (11%) Labor and Employment (9%) Armed Forces and National Security (8%) Crime and Law Enforcement (6%) Science, Technology, Communications (6%)

Recent Bills

Some of McKinley’s most recently sponsored bills include...

View All » | View Cosponsors »

Voting Record

Key Votes

McKinley voted Aye

Passed 260/165 on Dec 11, 2019.

McKinley voted Yea

Passed 226/184 on Oct 18, 2019.

McKinley voted No

Passed 218/208 on Jun 18, 2015.

This vote made H.R. 2146 the vehicle for passage of Trade Promotion Authority (TPA) for the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) trade deal currently being negotiated. H.R. ...

McKinley voted Yea

Passed 338/88 on May 13, 2015.

The USA Freedom Act (H.R. 2048, Pub.L. 114–23) is a U.S. law enacted on June 2, 2015 that restored in modified form several provisions of ...

McKinley voted Nay

Passed 219/206 on Dec 11, 2014.

This bill became the vehicle for passage of the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015 [pdf], which was approved by the House on December ...

McKinley voted Aye

McKinley voted Nay

McKinley voted Aye

Passed 304/117 on Jun 23, 2011.

The Leahy–Smith America Invents Act (AIA) is a United States federal statute that was passed by Congress and was signed into law by President Barack ...

Missed Votes

From Jan 2011 to Jun 2021, McKinley missed 36 of 6,471 roll call votes, which is 0.6%. This is better than the median of 2.0% among the lifetime records of representatives currently serving. The chart below reports missed votes over time.

We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses and major life events.

Show the numbers...

Primary Sources

The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including: