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Rep. David “Phil” Roe

Former Representative for Tennessee’s 1st District

pronounced DAY-vid // roh

Roe was the representative for Tennessee’s 1st congressional district and was a Republican. He served from 2009 to 2020.

Photo of Rep. David “Phil” Roe [R-TN1, 2009-2020]


Legislative Metrics

Read our 2020 Report Card for Roe.

Ideology–Leadership Chart

Roe is shown as a purple triangle in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot was a member of the House of Representatives in 2020 positioned according to our ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).

The chart is based on the bills Roe sponsored and cosponsored from Jan 6, 2015 to Dec 28, 2020. See full analysis methodology.

Ratings from Advocacy Organizations

United States Chamber of Commerce: 83% The National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws: D Planned Parenthood Action Fund: 0%

Enacted Legislation

Roe was the primary sponsor of 14 bills that were enacted. The most recent include:

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Does 14 not sound like a lot? Very few bills are ever enacted — most legislators sponsor only a handful that are signed into law. But there are other legislative activities that we don’t track that are also important, including offering amendments, committee work and oversight of the other branches, and constituent services.

We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if at least about half of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).

Bills Sponsored

Issue Areas

Roe sponsored bills primarily in these issue areas:

Armed Forces and National Security (44%) Health (17%) Labor and Employment (12%) Education (11%) Crime and Law Enforcement (7%)

Recent Bills

Some of Roe’s most recently sponsored bills include...

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Voting Record

Key Votes

Roe voted Yea

Passed 310/107 on Jul 22, 2020.

Roe voted Nay

Passed 256/164 on Jan 11, 2018.

This bill became the vehicle for passage of the FISA Amendments Reauthorization Act of 2017. The bill would extend so-called "section 702" government surveillance under ...

Roe voted Nay

Passed 338/88 on May 13, 2015.

The USA Freedom Act (H.R. 2048, Pub.L. 114–23) is a U.S. law enacted on June 2, 2015 that restored in modified form several provisions of ...

Roe voted Yea

Passed 219/206 on Dec 11, 2014.

This bill became the vehicle for passage of the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015 [pdf], which was approved by the House on December ...

Roe voted Nay

Roe voted Aye

Roe voted Nay

Passed 303/121 on May 22, 2014.

Roe voted Aye

Passed 304/117 on Jun 23, 2011.

The Leahy–Smith America Invents Act (AIA) is a United States federal statute that was passed by Congress and was signed into law by President Barack ...

Roe voted Yea

Missed Votes

From Jan 2009 to Dec 2020, Roe missed 183 of 7,954 roll call votes, which is 2.3%. This is on par with the median of 2.3% among the lifetime records of representatives serving in Dec 2020. The chart below reports missed votes over time.

We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses and major life events.

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Primary Sources

The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including: