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Rep. Debra Haaland

Former Representative for New Mexico’s 1st District

pronounced DEH-bruh // HAH-lund

Haaland was the representative for New Mexico’s 1st congressional district and was a Democrat. She served from 2019 to 2021.

Photo of Rep. Debra Haaland [D-NM1, 2019-2021]


Ideology–Leadership Chart

Haaland is shown as a purple triangle in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot was a member of the House of Representatives in 2020 positioned according to our ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).

The chart is based on the bills Haaland sponsored and cosponsored from Jan 6, 2015 to Dec 28, 2020. See full analysis methodology.

Enacted Legislation

Haaland was the primary sponsor of 5 bills that were enacted:

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Does 5 not sound like a lot? Very few bills are ever enacted — most legislators sponsor only a handful that are signed into law. But there are other legislative activities that we don’t track that are also important, including offering amendments, committee work and oversight of the other branches, and constituent services.

We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if at least about half of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).

Bills Sponsored

Issue Areas

Haaland sponsored bills primarily in these issue areas:

Native Americans (38%) Armed Forces and National Security (14%) Public Lands and Natural Resources (14%) Agriculture and Food (10%) Government Operations and Politics (10%) Energy (5%) Environmental Protection (5%) Crime and Law Enforcement (5%)

Recently Introduced Bills

Haaland recently introduced the following legislation:

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Most legislation has no activity after being introduced.

Voting Record

Key Votes

Haaland voted Yea

Passed 327/85 on Dec 21, 2020.

This bill became the vehicle for passage of the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2021, a major government funding bill, which also included economic stimulus provisions due …

Haaland voted Yea

Haaland voted Yea

Missed Votes

From Jan 2019 to Mar 2021, Haaland missed 12 of 1,031 roll call votes, which is 1.2%. This is better than the median of 2.0% among the lifetime records of representatives serving in Mar 2021. The chart below reports missed votes over time.

We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses and major life events.

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Primary Sources

The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including: