Smith is shown as a purple triangle ▲ in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot was a member of the House of Representatives in 1990 positioned according to our liberal–conservative ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).
The chart is based on the bills Smith sponsored and cosponsored from Jan 3, 1985 to Oct 27, 1990. See full analysis methodology.
Smith was the primary sponsor of 4 bills that were enacted:
- H.R. 5809 (101st): To amend the Act incorporating the American Legion so as to redefine eligibility for membership therein.
- H.R. 4259 (100th): Omnibus Oregon Wild and Scenic Rivers Act of 1988
- H.R. 6243 (97th): A bill to provide for the distribution of Warm Springs judgment funds awarded in Docket number 198 before the Indian Claims Commission, and for other purposes.
- H.R. 3630 (97th): A bill to correct the boundary of Crater Lake National Park in the State of Oregon, and for other purposes.
Does 4 not sound like a lot? Very few bills are ever enacted — most legislators sponsor only a handful that are signed into law. But there are other legislative activities that we don’t track that are also important, including offering amendments, committee work and oversight of the other branches, and constituent services.
We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if at least about half of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).
Smith sponsored bills primarily in these issue areas:
Government Operations and Politics (21%) Economics and Public Finance (18%) Crime and Law Enforcement (18%) Public Lands and Natural Resources (14%) Labor and Employment (11%) Armed Forces and National Security (11%) Agriculture and Food (7%)
Some of Smith’s most recently sponsored bills include...
- H.R. 5809 (101st): To amend the Act incorporating the American Legion so as to redefine ...
- H.R. 4352 (101st): To authorize the Secretary of the Army to release the reversionary interest ...
- H.R. 4124 (101st): Student Loan Default Reduction Amendments of 1990
- H.R. 3918 (101st): Violent Crime Control and Criminal Procedures Reform Act of 1989
- H.R. 3603 (101st): To direct the heads of Federal departments and agencies to disclose information ...
- H.R. 2737 (101st): To require the payment of interest on moneys affected by injunctions on ...
- H.R. 2738 (101st): To provide for awards for information concerning the placement of hazardous or ...
From Jan 1981 to Oct 1990, Smith missed 418 of 4,451 roll call votes, which is 9.4%. This is worse than the median of 4.8% among the lifetime records of representatives serving in Oct 1990. The chart below reports missed votes over time.
We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses and major life events.
|Time Period||Votes Eligible||Missed Votes||Percent||Percentile|
The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including:
- unitedstates/congress-legislators, a community project gathering congressional information
- The House and Senate websites, for committee membership and voting records
- United States Congressional Roll Call Voting Records, 1789-1990 by Howard L. Rosenthal and Keith T. Poole.
- Martis’s “The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress”, via Keith Poole’s roll call votes data set, for political party affiliation for Members of Congress from 1789 through about year 2000
- GovInfo.gov, for sponsored bills