Rep. Edward Cross
Former Representative for Arkansas’s 1st District
Legislators who enslaved Black people
From Dec 1839 to Mar 1845, Cross missed 824 of 2,322 roll call votes, which is 35.5%. This is worse than the median of 23.5% among the lifetime records of representatives serving in Mar 1845. The chart below reports missed votes over time.
We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses, major life events, and running for higher office.
|Time Period||Votes Eligible||Missed Votes||Percent||Percentile|
|Dec 1839-Feb 1840||170||54||31.8%||81st|
|Dec 1840-Mar 1841||123||51||41.5%||74th|
|Dec 1841-Mar 1842||204||69||33.8%||70th|
|Dec 1842-Mar 1843||172||54||31.4%||68th|
|Dec 1843-Feb 1844||140||47||33.6%||79th|
|Dec 1844-Mar 1845||170||63||37.1%||82nd|
The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including:
- unitedstates/congress-legislators, a community project gathering congressional information
- United States Congressional Roll Call Voting Records, 1789-1990 by Howard L. Rosenthal and Keith T. Poole.
- Martis’s “The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress”, via Keith Poole’s roll call votes data set, for political party affiliation for Members of Congress from 1789 through about year 2000