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Sen. Edward “Ed” Markey’s 2015 Report Card

Junior Senator from Massachusetts
Democrat
Serving Jul 16, 2013 – Jan 3, 2021


These special year-end statistics cover Markey’s record during the 2015 legislative year (Jan 6, 2015-Dec 31, 2015) and compare him to other senators serving at the end of that period. Last updated on Jan 9, 2016.

A higher or lower number below doesn’t necessarily make this legislator any better or worse, or more or less effective, than other Members of Congress. We present these statistics for you to understand the quantitative aspects of Markey’s legislative career and make your own judgements based on what activities you think are important.

Keep in mind that there are many important aspects of being a legislator besides what can be measured, such as constituent services and performing oversight of the executive branch, which aren’t reflected here.

 

Introduced the most bills compared to Senate Sophomores

Markey introduced 41 bills and resolutions in 2015. View Bills »

Compare to all Senate Sophomores (94th percentile); Senate Democrats (70th percentile); All Senators (78th percentile).


 

Ranked 2nd most liberal compared to All Senators

Our unique ideology analysis assigns a score to Members of Congress according to their legislative behavior by how similar the pattern of bills and resolutions they cosponsor are to other Members of Congress.

For more, see our methodology. Note that because on this page only legislative activity in 2015 is considered, the ideology score here may differ from Markey’s score elsewhere on GovTrack.

Compare to all Senate Sophomores (6th percentile); Senate Democrats (2nd percentile); All Senators (1st percentile).


 

Was 4th most absent in votes compared to Senate Sophomores

Markey missed 2.4% of votes (8 of 339 votes) in 2015. View Markey’s Profile »

Compare to all Senate Sophomores (75th percentile); All Senators (71st percentile).


 

Joined bipartisan bills the 6th least often compared to Senate Democrats

Of the 264 bills that Markey cosponsored, 25% were introduced by a legislator who was not a Democrat. View Cosponsored Bills »

Compare to all Senate Sophomores (33rd percentile); Senate Democrats (11th percentile); All Senators (47th percentile).

Only Democratic and Republican Members of Congress who cosponsored more than 10 bills and resolutions are included in this statistic.


 

Got their bills out of committee the 5th least often compared to Senate Sophomores (tied with 5 others)

Most bills and resolutions languish in committee without any action. Markey introduced 1 bill in 2015 that got past committee and to the floor for consideration.

Those bills were: S. 1251: Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Convention Amendments ...

Compare to all Senate Sophomores (25th percentile); Senate Democrats (27th percentile); All Senators (19th percentile).


 

Cosponsored the 8th most bills compared to All Senators

Markey cosponsored 264 bills and resolutions introduced by other Members of Congress. Cosponsorship shows a willingness to work with others to advance policy goals. View Cosponsored Bills »

Compare to all Senate Sophomores (88th percentile); Senate Democrats (84th percentile); All Senators (92nd percentile).


 

Got bipartisan cosponsors on the 9th lowest % of bills compared to Senate Democrats

Markey tends to gather cosponsors only on one side of the aisle. 17% of Markey’s 41 bills and resolutions had both a Democratic cosponsor and a Republican cosponsor in 2015.

Compare to all Senate Sophomores (19th percentile); Senate Democrats (18th percentile); All Senators (20th percentile).

Only Members of Congress who sponsored more than 10 bills and resolutions are included in this statistic.


 

Supported government transparency the 11th least oftenn compared to Senate Democrats (tied with 7 others)

GovTrack looked at whether Markey supported any of 19 government transparency, accountability, and effectiveness bills in the Senate that we identified in this session. We gave Markey 2 points, based on one point for cosponsoring and three points for sponsoring any of these bills.

Markey cosponsored S. 229: Democracy Is Strengthened by Casting ...; S. 1538: Fair Elections Now Act

Compare to all Senate Sophomores (25th percentile); Senate Democrats (23rd percentile); All Senators (52nd percentile).


 

Laws Enacted

Markey introduced 0 bills that became law in 2015. Keep in mind that it takes a law to repeal a law. Very few bills ever become law.

Compare to all Senate Sophomores (0th percentile); Senate Democrats (0th percentile); All Senators (0th percentile).

A bill or joint resolution is considered enacted if it or an exactly identical bill to it is enacted as law. We only consider bills that the legislator was the primary sponsor of. While a legislator may lay claim to authoring other bills that became law, such as through incorporation into larger bills, these cases are difficult for us to track quantitatively.


 

Committee Positions

Markey held a leadership position on 0 committees and 2 subcommittees, as either a chair (majority party) or ranking member (minority party), at the end of the session. View Markey’s Profile »

Compare to all Senate Sophomores (38th percentile); Senate Democrats (18th percentile); All Senators (21st percentile).


 

Cosponsors

Markey’s bills and resolutions had 140 cosponsors in 2015. Securing cosponsors is an important part of getting support for a bill, although having more cosponsors does not always mean a bill will get a vote. View Bills »

Compare to all Senate Sophomores (50th percentile); Senate Democrats (39th percentile); All Senators (46th percentile).


 

Working with the House

The House and Senate often work on the same issue simultaneously by introducing companion bills in each chamber. 8 of Markey’s bills and resolutions had a companion bill in the House. Working with a sponsor in the other chamber makes a bill more likely to be passed by both the House and Senate.

Those bills were: S. 302: International Human Rights Defense Act ...; S. 707: Opioid Overdose Reduction Act of ...; S. 831: Smarter Approach to Nuclear Expenditures ...; S. 945: Dry Cask Storage Act of ...; S. 1455: Recovery Enhancement for Addiction Treatment ...; S. 1473: A bill to authorize the ...; S. 1474: Handgun Trigger Safety Act of ...; S. 2374: Glen Anthony Doherty Overseas Security ...

Compare to all Senate Sophomores (63rd percentile); Senate Democrats (45th percentile); All Senators (53rd percentile).

Companion bills are those that are identified as “identical” by Congress’s Congressional Research Service.


 

Leadership Score

Our unique leadership analysis looks at who is cosponsoring whose bills. A higher score shows a greater ability to get cosponsors on bills.

For more, see our methodology. Note that because on this page only legislative activity in 2015 is considered, the leadership score here may differ from Markey’s score elsewhere on GovTrack.

Compare to all Senate Sophomores (44th percentile); Senate Democrats (30th percentile); All Senators (30th percentile).


 

Powerful Cosponsors

4 of Markey’s bills and resolutions in 2015 had a cosponsor who was a chair or ranking member of a committee that the bill was referred to. Getting support from committee leaders on relevant committees is a crucial step in moving legislation forward.

Those bills were: S. 302: International Human Rights Defense Act ...; S. 945: Dry Cask Storage Act of ...; S. 1473: A bill to authorize the ...; S.Res. 240: A resolution recognizing the National ...

Compare to all Senate Sophomores (63rd percentile); Senate Democrats (59th percentile); All Senators (61st percentile).


Additional Notes

The Speaker’s Votes: Missed votes are not computed for the Speaker of the House. According to current House rules, the Speaker of the House is not required to vote in “ordinary legislative proceedings.” In practice this means the Speaker of the House rarely votes but is not considered absent.

Leadership/Ideology: The leadership and ideology scores are not displayed for Members of Congress who introduced fewer than 10 bills, or, for ideology, for Members of Congress that have a low leadership score, as there is usually not enough data in these cases to compute reliable leadership and ideology statistics.

Missing Bills: We exclude bills from some statistics where the sponsor’s original intent is not in the final bill because the bill’s text was replaced in whole with unrelated provisions (i.e. it became a vehicle for passage of unrelated provisions).

Ranking Members (RkMembs): The chair of a committee is always selected from the political party that holds the most seats in the chamber, called the “majority party”. The “ranking member” (sometimes “RkMembs”) is the title given to the senior-most member of the committee not in the majority party.

Freshmen/Sophomores: Freshmen and sophomores are Members of Congress whose first term (in the same chamber at the end of 2015) was the 114th Congress (freshmen) or 113th (sophomores). Members of Congress who took office within the last few months of a Congress are considered freshmen in the next Congress as well.