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Sen. Edward “Ed” Markey’s 2020 Report Card

Junior Senator from Massachusetts
Democrat
Serving Jul 16, 2013 – Jan 3, 2027


These statistics cover Markey’s record during the 116th Congress (Jan 3, 2019-Jan 3, 2021) and compare him to other senators also serving at the end of the session. Last updated on Jan 30, 2021.

A higher or lower number below doesn’t necessarily make this legislator any better or worse, or more or less effective, than other Members of Congress. We present these statistics for you to understand the quantitative aspects of Markey’s legislative career and make your own judgements based on what activities you think are important.

Keep in mind that there are many important aspects of being a legislator besides what can be measured, such as constituent services and performing oversight of the executive branch, which aren’t reflected here.

 

Got bicameral support on the most bills compared to All Senators

The House and Senate often work on the same issue simultaneously by introducing companion bills in each chamber. 53 of Markey’s bills and resolutions had a companion bill in the House. Working with a sponsor in the other chamber makes a bill more likely to be passed by both the House and Senate.

Those bills were: S. 200: Restricting First Use of Nuclear …; S. 472: FASTER Act; S. 477: Climate Change Education Act; S. 558: CAMRA Act; S. 570: Flu Vaccine Act; S. 612: Saudi Nuclear Nonproliferation Act of …; S. 748: A bill to amend the …; S. 861: International Human Rights Defense Act …; S. 1088: Guaranteed Refugee Admission Ceiling Enhancement …; S. 1097: Leonel Rondon Pipeline Safety Act; S. 1178: Safety is Not for Sale …; S. 1366: Opioid QuOTA Act; S. 1410: FISH SAFE Act; S. 1448: Safer Prescribing of Controlled Substances …; S. 1449: LABEL Opioids Act; S. 1546: Enhancing the Strength and Capacity …; S. 1655: A bill to provide for …; S. 1728: A bill to require the …; S. 1795: Keeping Gun Dealers Honest Act …; S. 1831: 3D Printed Gun Safety Act …; S. 1957: Offshore WIND Act; S. 1983: CREATE Opportunities Act; S. 2014: MASS Act; S. 2054: A bill to posthumously award …; S. 2077: Complete Streets Act of 2019; S. 2084: GREEN Streets Act; S. 2255: Supporting Positive Outcomes After Release …; S. 2323: SAFE Mail Act; S. 2395: Jumpstart on College Act; S. 2664: Cyber Shield Act of 2019; S. 2748: Don’t Break Up the T-Band …; S. 2908: FAIR Fees Act; S. 2955: Targeting Environmental and Climate Recklessness …; S. 3014: Preventing the Spread of Nuclear …; S. 3218: Protecting Community Television Act; S. 3315: Tar Sands Tax Loophole Elimination …; S. 3391: Connecting America’s Active Transportation System …; S. 3411: KIDS Act; S. 3463: Warren Cowles Grade Crossing Safety …; S. 3527: A bill to waive required …; S. 3727: Cash Refunds for Coronavirus Cancellations …; S. 3810: National Institutes of Health Director …; S. 4011: Immigration Enforcement Moratorium Act; S. 4018: We Go Together Act; S. 4026: Expanding Vital American Citizen Services …; S. 4084: Facial Recognition and Biometric Technology …; S. 4142: Ending Qualified Immunity Act; S. 4286: RISE Act of 2020; S. 4832: OFF U.S. Embassies Act of …; S.Res. 59: A resolution recognizing the duty …; S.Res. 225: A resolution supporting the goals …; S.Res. 633: A resolution supporting the goals …; S.Res. 693: A resolution recognizing the duty …

Compare to all Senate Democrats (98th percentile); All Senators (99th percentile).

Companion bills are those that are identified as “identical” by Congress’s Congressional Research Service.


 

Introduced the 2nd most bills compared to All Senators

Markey introduced 150 bills and resolutions in the 116th Congress. View Bills »

Compare to all Senate Democrats (96th percentile); All Senators (98th percentile).


 

Got the 2nd most cosponsors on their bills compared to All Senators

Markey’s bills and resolutions had 1,038 cosponsors in the 116th Congress. Securing cosponsors is an important part of getting support for a bill, although having more cosponsors does not always mean a bill will get a vote. View Bills »

Compare to all Senate Democrats (96th percentile); All Senators (98th percentile).


 

Cosponsored the 4th most bills compared to All Senators

Markey cosponsored 789 bills and resolutions introduced by other Members of Congress. Cosponsorship shows a willingness to work with others to advance policy goals. View Cosponsored Bills »

Compare to all Senate Democrats (91st percentile); All Senators (96th percentile).


 

Wrote the 3rd fewest laws compared to Senate Democrats (tied with 3 others)

Markey introduced 1 bill that became law, including via incorporation into other measures, in the 116th Congress. Keep in mind that it takes a law to repeal a law. Very few bills ever become law. View Enacted Bills »

Those bills were: S. 3527: A bill to waive required …

Compare to all Senate Democrats (4th percentile); All Senators (9th percentile).

The legislator must be the primary sponsor of the bill or joint resolution that was enacted or the primary sponsor of a bill or joint resolution for which at least about one third of its text was incorporated into another bill or joint resolution that was enacted as law, as determined by an automated analysis. While a legislator may lay claim to authoring other bills that became law, these cases are difficult for us to track quantitatively. We also exclude bills where the sponsor’s original intent is not in the final bill.


 

Ranked 6th most politically left compared to All Senators

Our unique ideology analysis assigns a score to Members of Congress according to their legislative behavior by how similar the pattern of bills and resolutions they cosponsor are to other Members of Congress.

For more, see our methodology. Note that because on this page only legislative activity in the 116th Congress is considered, the ideology score here may differ from Markey’s score elsewhere on GovTrack.

Compare to all Senate Democrats (9th percentile); All Senators (5th percentile).


 

Got influential cosponsors the 7th most often compared to All Senators

16 of Markey’s bills and resolutions in the 116th Congress had a cosponsor who was a chair or ranking member of a committee that the bill was referred to. Getting support from committee leaders on relevant committees is a crucial step in moving legislation forward.

Those bills were: S. 184: Gun Violence Prevention Research Act; S. 682: Save the Internet Act of …; S. 861: International Human Rights Defense Act …; S. 1088: Guaranteed Refugee Admission Ceiling Enhancement …; S. 1613: Contaminant and Lead Electronic Accounting …; S. 1795: Keeping Gun Dealers Honest Act …; S. 1831: 3D Printed Gun Safety Act …; S. 2084: GREEN Streets Act; S. 2461: Arctic Refuge Protection Act of …; S. 2748: Don’t Break Up the T-Band …; S. 3530: A bill to amend the …; S. 3690: Emergency Educational Connections Act of …; S. 4019: Juneteenth National Independence Day Act; S.Res. 547: A resolution encouraging the President …; S.Res. 622: A resolution condemning attacks against …; S.Res. 671: A resolution recognizing, commemorating, and …

Compare to all Senate Democrats (89th percentile); All Senators (93rd percentile).


 

Ranked the 7th top leader compared to All Senators

Our unique leadership analysis looks at who is cosponsoring whose bills. A higher score shows a greater ability to get cosponsors on bills.

For more, see our methodology. Note that because on this page only legislative activity in the 116th Congress is considered, the leadership score here may differ from Markey’s score elsewhere on GovTrack.

Compare to all Senate Democrats (91st percentile); All Senators (93rd percentile).


 

Was 13th most absent in votes compared to All Senators

Markey missed 11.0% of votes (79 of 720 votes) in the 116th Congress. View Markey’s Profile »

Compare to all All Senators (87th percentile).


 

Joined bipartisan bills the 18th least often compared to All Senators

Of the 789 bills that Markey cosponsored, 20% were introduced by a legislator who was not a Democrat. View Cosponsored Bills »

Compare to all Senate Democrats (17th percentile); All Senators (17th percentile).

Only Democratic and Republican Members of Congress who cosponsored more than 10 bills and resolutions are included in this statistic.


 

Got their bills out of committee the 24th least often compared to All Senators (tied with 11 others)

Most bills and resolutions languish in committee without any action. Markey introduced 7 bills in the 116th Congress that got past committee and to the floor for consideration.

Those bills were: S. 2054: A bill to posthumously award …; S. 3527: A bill to waive required …; S. 3681: Ensuring Health Safety in the …; S. 4286: RISE Act of 2020; S.Res. 142: A resolution condemning the Government …; S.Res. 225: A resolution supporting the goals …; S.Res. 354: A resolution designating September 2019 …

Compare to all Senate Democrats (24th percentile); All Senators (23rd percentile).


 

Writing Bipartisan Bills

In this era of partisanship, it is important to see Members of Congress working across the aisle. 31 of Markey’s 150 bills and resolutions had a cosponsor from a different political party than the party Markey caucused with in the 116th Congress.

Compare to all Senate Democrats (58th percentile); All Senators (66th percentile).

Cosponsors who caucused with neither the Democratic nor Republican party do not count toward this statistic.


 

Committee Positions

Markey held a leadership position on 0 committees and 2 subcommittees, as either a chair (majority party) or ranking member (minority party), at the end of the session. View Markey’s Profile »

Compare to all Senate Democrats (20th percentile); All Senators (19th percentile).


Additional Notes

Leadership/Ideology: The leadership and ideology scores are not displayed for Members of Congress who introduced fewer than 10 bills, or, for ideology, for Members of Congress that have a low leadership score, as there is usually not enough data in these cases to compute reliable leadership and ideology statistics.

Missing Bills: We exclude bills from some statistics where the sponsor’s original intent is not in the final bill because the bill’s text was replaced in whole with unrelated provisions (i.e. it became a vehicle for passage of unrelated provisions).

Ranking Members (RkMembs): The chair of a committee is always selected from the political party that holds the most seats in the chamber, called the “majority party”. The “ranking member” (sometimes “RkMembs”) is the title given to the senior-most member of the committee not in the majority party.

Freshmen/Sophomores: Freshmen and sophomores are Members of Congress whose first term (in the same chamber at the end of the 116th Congress) was the 116th Congress (freshmen) or 115th (sophomores). Members of Congress who took office within the last few months of a Congress are considered freshmen in the next Congress as well.