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Rep. Elijah Cummings

Representative for Maryland’s 7th District

pronounced ee-LĪ-juh // KUM-ingz

Cummings is the representative for Maryland’s 7th congressional district (view map) and is a Democrat. He has served since Apr 16, 1996. Cummings is next up for reelection in 2020.

Photo of Rep. Elijah Cummings [D-MD7]

Oversight & Investigations

  • The Citizenship Question on the 2020 Census
    The Commerce Department announced in March 2018 that they will include a question on the 2020 Census asking all respondents whether they are U.S. citizens. The move was almost uniformly opposed by Democrats. Cummings is the Chair of the House Committee on Oversight and Reform which will be investigating the citizenship question on the 2020 Census.
  • Family Separation at the Southern Border
    Documentation suggests that Secretary of Homeland Security Kirstjen Nielsen lied to Congress while under oath about whether the separation of refugee families on the southern border was a formal policy of the Department of Homeland Security. Cummings is the Chair of the House Committee on Oversight and Reform which will be investigating both the policy itself and Secretary Nielsen's possible perjury.

Analysis

Legislative Metrics

Read our 2018 Report Card for Cummings.

Ideology–Leadership Chart

Cummings is shown as a purple triangle in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot is a member of the House of Representatives positioned according to our liberal–conservative ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).

The chart is based on the bills Cummings has sponsored and cosponsored from Jan 6, 2015 to Aug 20, 2019. See full analysis methodology.

Ratings from Advocacy Organizations

Committee Membership

Elijah Cummings sits on the following committees:

Enacted Legislation

Cummings was the primary sponsor of 19 bills that were enacted. The most recent include:

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Does 19 not sound like a lot? Very few bills are ever enacted — most legislators sponsor only a handful that are signed into law. But there are other legislative activities that we don’t track that are also important, including offering amendments, committee work and oversight of the other branches, and constituent services.

We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if at least about half of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).

Bills Sponsored

Issue Areas

Cummings sponsors bills primarily in these issue areas:

Government Operations and Politics (40%) Health (21%) Education (15%) Crime and Law Enforcement (10%) Finance and Financial Sector (6%)

Recent Bills

Some of Cummings’s most recently sponsored bills include...

View All » | View Cosponsors »

Voting Record

Key Votes

Cummings voted Nay

Passed 378/48 on Apr 26, 2017.

This bill would change the appointment process for the head of the U.S. Copyright Office, known as the Register of Copyrights. Currently the Register of ...

Cummings voted No

Cummings voted Yea

Passed 338/88 on May 13, 2015.

The USA Freedom Act (H.R. 2048, Pub.L. 114–23) is a U.S. law enacted on June 2, 2015 that restored in modified form several provisions of ...

Cummings voted Nay

Passed 219/206 on Dec 11, 2014.

This bill became the vehicle for passage of the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015 [pdf], which was approved by the House on December ...

Cummings voted Aye

Cummings voted Aye

Passed 301/124 on Jun 12, 2013.

Cummings voted Nay

Cummings voted No

Cummings voted Aye

Passed 304/117 on Jun 23, 2011.

The Leahy–Smith America Invents Act (AIA) is a United States federal statute that was passed by Congress and was signed into law by President Barack ...

Cummings voted Aye

Missed Votes

From Apr 1996 to Jul 2019, Cummings missed 822 of 15,545 roll call votes, which is 5.3%. This is much worse than the median of 2.0% among the lifetime records of representatives currently serving. The chart below reports missed votes over time.

We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses and major life events.

Show the numbers...

Primary Sources

The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including: