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Rep. Elijah Cummings’s 2013 Report Card

Representative from Maryland's 7th District
Democrat
Serving Apr 16, 1996 – Jan 3, 2019


These special year-end statistics cover Cummings’s record during the 2013 legislative year (Jan 3, 2013-Dec 26, 2013) and compare him to other representatives serving at the end of that period. Last updated on Dec 1, 2014. On Dec. 1, 2014, the statistics were updated to remove Sen. Schatz from the list of Senate sophomores. Schatz only served for several days in the preceding Congress.

A higher or lower number below doesn’t necessarily make this legislator any better or worse, or more or less effective, than other Members of Congress. We present these statistics for you to understand the quantitative aspects of Cummings’s legislative career and make your own judgements based on what activities you think are important.

Keep in mind that there are many important aspects of being a legislator besides what can be measured, such as constituent services and performing oversight of the executive branch, which aren’t reflected here.

 

Got their bills out of committee the most often compared to Maryland Delegation

Most bills and resolutions languish in committee without any action. Cummings introduced 2 bills in 2013 that got past committee and to the floor for consideration.

Those bills were: H.R. 1233: Presidential and Federal Records Act ...; H.R. 1234: Electronic Message Preservation Act

Compare to all Maryland Delegation (88th percentile); House Cmte. Chairs/RkMembs (64th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (81st percentile); House Democrats (95th percentile); Safe House Seats (82nd percentile); All Representatives (83rd percentile).


 

Supported government transparency the most often compared to All Representatives (tied with 1 other)

GovTrack looked at whether Cummings supported any of 12 government transparency, accountability, and effectiveness bills in the House that we identified in this session. We gave Cummings 9 points, based on one point for cosponsoring and three points for sponsoring any of these bills.

Cummings sponsored H.R. 1233: Presidential and Federal Records Act ...

Cummings cosponsored H.R. 1104: Federal Advisory Committee Act Amendments ...; H.R. 1133: Presidential Library Donation Reform Act ...; H.R. 1162: Government Accountability Office Improvement Act; H.R. 1211: FOIA Act; H.R. 1380: Access to Congressionally Mandated Reports ...; H.R. 2061: Digital Accountability and Transparency Act ...

Compare to all Maryland Delegation (88th percentile); House Cmte. Chairs/RkMembs (96th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (99th percentile); House Democrats (100th percentile); Safe House Seats (99th percentile); All Representatives (100th percentile).


 

Got bicameral support on the most bills compared to Maryland Delegation (tied with 1 other)

The House and Senate often work on the same issue simultaneously by introducing companion bills in each chamber. 2 of Cummings’s bills and resolutions had a companion bill in the Senate. Working with a sponsor in the other chamber makes a bill more likely to be passed by both the House and Senate.

Those bills were: H.R. 2884: Witness Security and Protection Grant ...; H.R. 3120: Comprehensive Dental Reform Act of ...

Compare to all Maryland Delegation (75th percentile); House Cmte. Chairs/RkMembs (67th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (62nd percentile); House Democrats (63rd percentile); Safe House Seats (66th percentile); All Representatives (66th percentile).

Companion bills are those that are identified as “identical” by Congress’s Congressional Research Service.


 

Introduced the most bills compared to Maryland Delegation (tied with 1 other)

Cummings introduced 12 bills and resolutions in 2013. View Bills »

Compare to all Maryland Delegation (75th percentile); House Cmte. Chairs/RkMembs (53rd percentile); Serving 10+ Years (57th percentile); House Democrats (67th percentile); Safe House Seats (67th percentile); All Representatives (67th percentile).


 

Ranked the 2nd bottom follower compared to Maryland Delegation

Our unique leadership analysis looks at who is cosponsoring whose bills. A higher score shows a greater ability to get cosponsors on bills.

For more, see our methodology. Note that because on this page only legislative activity in 2013 is considered, the leadership score here may differ from Cummings’s score elsewhere on GovTrack.

Compare to all Maryland Delegation (13th percentile); House Cmte. Chairs/RkMembs (22nd percentile); Serving 10+ Years (24th percentile); House Democrats (32nd percentile); Safe House Seats (24th percentile); All Representatives (24th percentile).


 

Got the 3rd fewest cosponsors on their bills compared to Maryland Delegation

Cummings’s bills and resolutions had 73 cosponsors in 2013. Securing cosponsors is an important part of getting support for a bill, although having more cosponsors does not always mean a bill will get a vote. View Bills »

Compare to all Maryland Delegation (25th percentile); House Cmte. Chairs/RkMembs (27th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (34th percentile); House Democrats (35th percentile); Safe House Seats (35th percentile); All Representatives (35th percentile).


 

Ranked 6th most liberal compared to House Cmte. Chairs/RkMembs

Our unique ideology analysis assigns a score to Members of Congress according to their legislative behavior by how similar the pattern of bills and resolutions they cosponsor are to other Members of Congress.

For more, see our methodology. Note that because on this page only legislative activity in 2013 is considered, the ideology score here may differ from Cummings’s score elsewhere on GovTrack.

Compare to all Maryland Delegation (13th percentile); House Cmte. Chairs/RkMembs (11th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (16th percentile); House Democrats (25th percentile); Safe House Seats (12th percentile); All Representatives (12th percentile).


 

Cosponsored the 6th most bills compared to House Cmte. Chairs/RkMembs (tied with 1 other)

Cummings cosponsored 195 bills and resolutions introduced by other Members of Congress. Cosponsorship shows a willingness to work with others to advance policy goals. View Cosponsored Bills »

Compare to all Maryland Delegation (75th percentile); House Cmte. Chairs/RkMembs (84th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (68th percentile); House Democrats (58th percentile); Safe House Seats (73rd percentile); All Representatives (72nd percentile).


 

Joined bipartisan bills the 41st least often compared to House Democrats (tied with 1 other)

Of the 195 bills that Cummings cosponsored, 23% were introduced by a legislator who was not a Democrat. View Cosponsored Bills »

Compare to all Maryland Delegation (38th percentile); House Cmte. Chairs/RkMembs (60th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (54th percentile); House Democrats (19th percentile); Safe House Seats (61st percentile); All Representatives (58th percentile).

Only Democratic and Republican Members of Congress who cosponsored more than 10 bills and resolutions are included in this statistic.


 

Got influential cosponsors the 62nd most often compared to All Representatives (tied with 47 others)

3 of Cummings’s bills and resolutions in 2013 had a cosponsor who was a chair or ranking member of a committee that the bill was referred to. Getting support from committee leaders on relevant committees is a crucial step in moving legislation forward.

Those bills were: H.R. 1678: Saving Essential American Sailors Act; H.R. 1706: Mortgage Settlement Monitoring Act of ...; H.R. 1842: Military Family Home Protection Act

Compare to all Maryland Delegation (63rd percentile); House Cmte. Chairs/RkMembs (49th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (69th percentile); House Democrats (72nd percentile); Safe House Seats (74th percentile); All Representatives (75th percentile).


 

Laws Enacted

Cummings introduced 0 bills that became law in 2013. Keep in mind that it takes a law to repeal a law. Very few bills ever become law.

Compare to all Maryland Delegation (0th percentile); House Cmte. Chairs/RkMembs (0th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (0th percentile); House Democrats (0th percentile); Safe House Seats (0th percentile); All Representatives (0th percentile).

We only count enacted bills (and joint resolutions) that the legislator was the primary sponsor of. While a legislator may lay claim to authoring other bills that became law, such as through companion bills or incorporation into larger bills, these cases are difficult for us to track quantitatively.


 

Committee Positions

Cummings held a leadership position on 1 committee and 0 subcommittees, as either a chair (majority party) or ranking member (minority party), at the end of the session. View Cummings’s Profile »

Compare to all Maryland Delegation (63rd percentile); Serving 10+ Years (77th percentile); House Democrats (90th percentile); Safe House Seats (89th percentile); All Representatives (90th percentile).


 

Missed Votes

Cummings missed 3.7% of votes (24 of 641 votes) in 2013. View Cummings’s Profile »

Compare to all Maryland Delegation (63rd percentile); House Cmte. Chairs/RkMembs (71st percentile); Serving 10+ Years (57th percentile); Safe House Seats (68th percentile); All Representatives (69th percentile).

The Speaker of the House is not included in this statistic because according to current House rules, the Speaker of the House is not required to vote in “ordinary legislative proceedings, and the delegates from the five island territories and the District of Columbia are also not included because they were not elligible to vote in any roll call votes.


 

Writing Bipartisan Bills

Cummings tends to gather cosponsors only on one side of the aisle. 25% of Cummings’s 12 bills and resolutions had both a Democratic cosponsor and a Republican cosponsor in 2013.

Compare to all House Cmte. Chairs/RkMembs (27th percentile); House Democrats (33rd percentile); Serving 10+ Years (35th percentile); Safe House Seats (31st percentile); All Representatives (30th percentile).

Only Members of Congress who sponsored more than 10 bills and resolutions are included in this statistic.


Additional Notes

The Speaker’s Votes: Missed votes are not computed for the Speaker of the House. According to current House rules, the Speaker of the House is not required to vote in “ordinary legislative proceedings.” In practice this means the Speaker of the House rarely votes but is not considered absent.

Leadership/Ideology: The leadership and ideology scores are not displayed for Members of Congress who introduced fewer than 10 bills, or, for ideology, for Members of Congress that have a low leadership score, as there is usually not enough data in these cases to compute reliable leadership and ideology statistics.

Missing Bills: We exclude bills from some statistics where the sponsor’s original intent is not in the final bill because the bill’s text was replaced in whole with unrelated provisions (i.e. it became a vehicle for passage of unrelated provisions).

Ranking Members (RkMembs): The chair of a committee is always selected from the political party that holds the most seats in the chamber, called the “majority party”. The “ranking member” (sometimes “RkMembs”) is the title given to the senior-most member of the committee not in the majority party.

Freshmen/Sophomores: Freshmen and sophomores are Members of Congress whose first term (in the same chamber at the end of 2013) was the 113th Congress (freshmen) or 112th (sophomores). Members of Congress who took office within the last few months of a Congress are considered freshmen in the next Congress as well.