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Rep. Elijah Cummings’s 2014 Report Card

Representative from Maryland's 7th District
Democrat
Serving Apr 16, 1996 – Jan 3, 2019


These special statistics cover Cummings’s record during the 113th Congress (Jan 3, 2013-Jan 2, 2015) and compare him to other representatives also serving at the end of the session. Last updated on Jan 12, 2015. Although Rep. Suzan DelBene [D-WA1], Rep. Thomas Massie [R-KY4], Rep. Donald Payne [D-NJ10], and Sen. Brian Schatz [D-HI] served in the 112th Congress, they took office within the last two months of the 112th Congress and here are grouped with other freshmen for the 113th Congress.

A higher or lower number below doesn’t necessarily make this legislator any better or worse, or more or less effective, than other Members of Congress. We present these statistics for you to understand the quantitative aspects of Cummings’s legislative career and make your own judgements based on what activities you think are important.

Keep in mind that there are many important aspects of being a legislator besides what can be measured, such as constituent services and performing oversight of the executive branch, which aren’t reflected here.

 

Wrote the most laws compared to Maryland Delegation

Cummings introduced 2 bills that became law in the 113th Congress. Keep in mind that it takes a law to repeal a law. Very few bills ever become law. View Enacted Bills »

Those bills were: H.R. 1233: Presidential and Federal Records Act ...; H.R. 4197: All Circuit Review Extension Act

Compare to all Maryland Delegation (88th percentile); House Cmte. Chairs/RkMembs (69th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (84th percentile); House Democrats (95th percentile); Safe House Seats (89th percentile); All Representatives (88th percentile).

A bill or joint resolution is considered enacted if it or an exactly identical bill to it is enacted as law. We only consider bills that the legislator was the primary sponsor of. While a legislator may lay claim to authoring other bills that became law, such as through incorporation into larger bills, these cases are difficult for us to track quantitatively.


 

Got bicameral support on the most bills compared to Maryland Delegation

The House and Senate often work on the same issue simultaneously by introducing companion bills in each chamber. 3 of Cummings’s bills and resolutions had a companion bill in the Senate. Working with a sponsor in the other chamber makes a bill more likely to be passed by both the House and Senate.

Those bills were: H.R. 2884: Witness Security and Protection Grant ...; H.R. 3120: Comprehensive Dental Reform Act of ...; H.R. 4391: Proprietary Education Oversight Coordination Improvement ...

Compare to all Maryland Delegation (88th percentile); House Cmte. Chairs/RkMembs (69th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (62nd percentile); House Democrats (62nd percentile); Safe House Seats (68th percentile); All Representatives (67th percentile).

Companion bills are those that are identified as “identical” by Congress’s Congressional Research Service.


 

Supported government transparency the most often compared to All Representatives (tied with 1 other)

GovTrack looked at whether Cummings supported any of 12 government transparency, accountability, and effectiveness bills in the House that we identified in this session. We gave Cummings 9 points, based on one point for cosponsoring and three points for sponsoring any of these bills.

Cummings sponsored H.R. 1233: Presidential and Federal Records Act ...

Cummings cosponsored H.R. 1104: Federal Advisory Committee Act Amendments ...; H.R. 1133: Presidential Library Donation Reform Act ...; H.R. 1162: Government Accountability Office Improvement Act; H.R. 1211: FOIA Act; H.R. 1380: Access to Congressionally Mandated Reports ...; H.R. 2061: Digital Accountability and Transparency Act ...

Compare to all Maryland Delegation (88th percentile); House Cmte. Chairs/RkMembs (96th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (99th percentile); House Democrats (100th percentile); Safe House Seats (99th percentile); All Representatives (100th percentile).


 

Ranked the 2nd bottom follower compared to Maryland Delegation

Our unique leadership analysis looks at who is cosponsoring whose bills. A higher score shows a greater ability to get cosponsors on bills.

For more, see our methodology. Note that because on this page only legislative activity in the 113th Congress is considered, the leadership score here may differ from Cummings’s score elsewhere on GovTrack.

Compare to all Maryland Delegation (13th percentile); House Cmte. Chairs/RkMembs (18th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (20th percentile); House Democrats (25th percentile); Safe House Seats (17th percentile); All Representatives (18th percentile).


 

Introduced the 2nd most bills compared to Maryland Delegation

Cummings introduced 16 bills and resolutions in the 113th Congress. View Bills »

Compare to all Maryland Delegation (75th percentile); House Cmte. Chairs/RkMembs (44th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (50th percentile); House Democrats (56th percentile); Safe House Seats (60th percentile); All Representatives (59th percentile).


 

Got the 2nd fewest cosponsors on their bills compared to Maryland Delegation

Cummings’s bills and resolutions had 96 cosponsors in the 113th Congress. Securing cosponsors is an important part of getting support for a bill, although having more cosponsors does not always mean a bill will get a vote. View Bills »

Compare to all Maryland Delegation (13th percentile); House Cmte. Chairs/RkMembs (20th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (25th percentile); House Democrats (28th percentile); Safe House Seats (24th percentile); All Representatives (25th percentile).


 

Ranked 4th most liberal compared to House Cmte. Chairs/RkMembs

Our unique ideology analysis assigns a score to Members of Congress according to their legislative behavior by how similar the pattern of bills and resolutions they cosponsor are to other Members of Congress.

For more, see our methodology. Note that because on this page only legislative activity in the 113th Congress is considered, the ideology score here may differ from Cummings’s score elsewhere on GovTrack.

Compare to all Maryland Delegation (13th percentile); House Cmte. Chairs/RkMembs (7th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (15th percentile); House Democrats (23rd percentile); Safe House Seats (11th percentile); All Representatives (11th percentile).


 

Cosponsored the 8th most bills compared to House Cmte. Chairs/RkMembs

Cummings cosponsored 307 bills and resolutions introduced by other Members of Congress. Cosponsorship shows a willingness to work with others to advance policy goals. View Cosponsored Bills »

Compare to all Maryland Delegation (75th percentile); House Cmte. Chairs/RkMembs (82nd percentile); Serving 10+ Years (69th percentile); House Democrats (52nd percentile); Safe House Seats (71st percentile); All Representatives (71st percentile).


 

Got bipartisan cosponsors on the 8th lowest % of bills compared to House Cmte. Chairs/RkMembs (tied with 1 other)

Cummings tends to gather cosponsors only on one side of the aisle. 25% of Cummings’s 16 bills and resolutions had both a Democratic cosponsor and a Republican cosponsor in the 113th Congress.

Compare to all House Cmte. Chairs/RkMembs (23rd percentile); Serving 10+ Years (29th percentile); House Democrats (35th percentile); Safe House Seats (31st percentile); All Representatives (29th percentile).

Only Members of Congress who sponsored more than 10 bills and resolutions are included in this statistic.


 

Got their bills out of committee the 6th most often compared to House Democrats (tied with 6 others)

Most bills and resolutions languish in committee without any action. Cummings introduced 3 bills in the 113th Congress that got past committee and to the floor for consideration.

Those bills were: H.R. 1233: Presidential and Federal Records Act ...; H.R. 1234: Electronic Message Preservation Act; H.R. 4197: All Circuit Review Extension Act

Compare to all Maryland Delegation (75th percentile); House Cmte. Chairs/RkMembs (56th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (73rd percentile); House Democrats (94th percentile); Safe House Seats (78th percentile); All Representatives (78th percentile).


 

Joined bipartisan bills the 37th least often compared to House Democrats

Of the 307 bills that Cummings cosponsored, 23% were introduced by a legislator who was not a Democrat. View Cosponsored Bills »

Compare to all Maryland Delegation (38th percentile); House Cmte. Chairs/RkMembs (58th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (53rd percentile); House Democrats (18th percentile); Safe House Seats (60th percentile); All Representatives (57th percentile).

Only Democratic and Republican Members of Congress who cosponsored more than 10 bills and resolutions are included in this statistic.


 

Got influential cosponsors the 71st most often compared to All Representatives (tied with 21 others)

5 of Cummings’s bills and resolutions in the 113th Congress had a cosponsor who was a chair or ranking member of a committee that the bill was referred to. Getting support from committee leaders on relevant committees is a crucial step in moving legislation forward.

Those bills were: H.R. 1678: Saving Essential American Sailors Act; H.R. 1706: Mortgage Settlement Monitoring Act of ...; H.R. 1842: Military Family Home Protection Act; H.R. 3694: Net Price Calculator Improvement Act; H.R. 4197: All Circuit Review Extension Act

Compare to all Maryland Delegation (75th percentile); House Cmte. Chairs/RkMembs (53rd percentile); Serving 10+ Years (69th percentile); House Democrats (77th percentile); Safe House Seats (79th percentile); All Representatives (79th percentile).


 

Committee Positions

Cummings held a leadership position on 1 committee and 0 subcommittees, as either a chair (majority party) or ranking member (minority party), at the end of the session. View Cummings’s Profile »

Compare to all Maryland Delegation (63rd percentile); Serving 10+ Years (76th percentile); House Democrats (90th percentile); Safe House Seats (89th percentile); All Representatives (90th percentile).


 

Missed Votes

Cummings missed 2.5% of votes (30 of 1,204 votes) in the 113th Congress. View Cummings’s Profile »

Compare to all Maryland Delegation (38th percentile); House Cmte. Chairs/RkMembs (53rd percentile); Serving 10+ Years (38th percentile); Safe House Seats (48th percentile); All Representatives (50th percentile).

The Speaker of the House is not included in this statistic because according to current House rules, the Speaker of the House is not required to vote in “ordinary legislative proceedings, and the delegates from the five island territories and the District of Columbia are also not included because they were not elligible to vote in any roll call votes.


Additional Notes

The Speaker’s Votes: Missed votes are not computed for the Speaker of the House. According to current House rules, the Speaker of the House is not required to vote in “ordinary legislative proceedings.” In practice this means the Speaker of the House rarely votes but is not considered absent.

Leadership/Ideology: The leadership and ideology scores are not displayed for Members of Congress who introduced fewer than 10 bills, or, for ideology, for Members of Congress that have a low leadership score, as there is usually not enough data in these cases to compute reliable leadership and ideology statistics.

Missing Bills: We exclude bills from some statistics where the sponsor’s original intent is not in the final bill because the bill’s text was replaced in whole with unrelated provisions (i.e. it became a vehicle for passage of unrelated provisions).

Ranking Members (RkMembs): The chair of a committee is always selected from the political party that holds the most seats in the chamber, called the “majority party”. The “ranking member” (sometimes “RkMembs”) is the title given to the senior-most member of the committee not in the majority party.

Freshmen/Sophomores: Freshmen and sophomores are Members of Congress whose first term (in the same chamber at the end of the 113th Congress) was the 113th Congress (freshmen) or 112th (sophomores). Members of Congress who took office within the last few months of a Congress are considered freshmen in the next Congress as well.