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Rep. Elijah Cummings’s 2015 Report Card

Representative from Maryland's 7th District
Democrat
Serving Apr 16, 1996 – Jan 3, 2019


These special year-end statistics cover Cummings’s record during the 2015 legislative year (Jan 6, 2015-Dec 31, 2015) and compare him to other representatives serving at the end of that period. Last updated on Jan 9, 2016.

A higher or lower number below doesn’t necessarily make this legislator any better or worse, or more or less effective, than other Members of Congress. We present these statistics for you to understand the quantitative aspects of Cummings’s legislative career and make your own judgements based on what activities you think are important.

Keep in mind that there are many important aspects of being a legislator besides what can be measured, such as constituent services and performing oversight of the executive branch, which aren’t reflected here.

 

Supported government transparency the most often compared to All Representatives

GovTrack looked at whether Cummings supported any of 28 government transparency, accountability, and effectiveness bills in the House that we identified in this session. We gave Cummings 9 points, based on one point for cosponsoring and three points for sponsoring any of these bills.

Cummings sponsored H.R. 2319: Electronic Message Preservation Act of ...

Cummings cosponsored H.R. 430: DISCLOSE 2015 Act; H.R. 20: Government By the People Act ...; H.R. 653: FOIA Act; H.R. 1069: Presidential Library Donation Reform Act ...; H.R. 2347: Federal Advisory Committee Act Amendments ...; H.R. 2395: Inspector General Empowerment Act of ...

Compare to all Maryland Delegation (88th percentile); House Cmte. Chairs/RkMembs (98th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (99th percentile); House Democrats (99th percentile); Safe House Seats (100th percentile); All Representatives (100th percentile).


 

Introduced the most bills compared to Maryland Delegation

Cummings introduced 15 bills and resolutions in 2015. View Bills »

Compare to all Maryland Delegation (88th percentile); House Cmte. Chairs/RkMembs (64th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (65th percentile); House Democrats (74th percentile); Safe House Seats (75th percentile); All Representatives (75th percentile).


 

Got their bills out of committee the most often compared to Maryland Delegation

Most bills and resolutions languish in committee without any action. Cummings introduced 2 bills in 2015 that got past committee and to the floor for consideration.

Those bills were: H.R. 1557: Federal Employee Antidiscrimination Act of ...; H.R. 3231: Federal Intern Protection Act of ...

Compare to all Maryland Delegation (88th percentile); House Cmte. Chairs/RkMembs (53rd percentile); Serving 10+ Years (72nd percentile); House Democrats (95th percentile); Safe House Seats (77th percentile); All Representatives (78th percentile).


 

Was 2nd most absent in votes compared to Maryland Delegation

Cummings missed 3.4% of votes (24 of 704 votes) in 2015. View Cummings’s Profile »

Compare to all Maryland Delegation (75th percentile); House Cmte. Chairs/RkMembs (69th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (66th percentile); Safe House Seats (71st percentile); All Representatives (73rd percentile).

The Speaker of the House is not included in this statistic because according to current House rules, the Speaker of the House is not required to vote in “ordinary legislative proceedings, and the delegates from the five island territories and the District of Columbia are also not included because they were not elligible to vote in any roll call votes.


 

Held the 3rd most committee positions compared to All Representatives (tied with 1 other)

Cummings held a leadership position on 2 committees and 0 subcommittees, as either a chair (majority party) or ranking member (minority party), at the end of the session. For comparison to other Members of Congress, we assigned a score giving five points for each full committee leadership position and one point for each subcommittee leadership position. View Cummings’s Profile »

Compare to all Maryland Delegation (88th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (98th percentile); House Democrats (99th percentile); Safe House Seats (99th percentile); All Representatives (99th percentile).


 

Got bicameral support on the 4th most bills compared to All Representatives (tied with 2 others)

The House and Senate often work on the same issue simultaneously by introducing companion bills in each chamber. 8 of Cummings’s bills and resolutions had a companion bill in the Senate. Working with a sponsor in the other chamber makes a bill more likely to be passed by both the House and Senate.

Those bills were: H.R. 747: Proprietary Education Oversight Coordination Improvement ...; H.R. 1055: Comprehensive Dental Reform Act of ...; H.R. 2391: Medicaid Generic Drug Price Fairness ...; H.R. 3065: Financial Services Conflict of Interest ...; H.R. 3295: REBUILD Act; H.R. 3470: Fair Chance Act; H.R. 3513: Prescription Drug Affordability Act of ...; H.R. 4194: Witness Security and Protection Grant ...

Compare to all Maryland Delegation (88th percentile); House Cmte. Chairs/RkMembs (98th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (98th percentile); House Democrats (98th percentile); Safe House Seats (98th percentile); All Representatives (99th percentile).

Companion bills are those that are identified as “identical” by Congress’s Congressional Research Service.


 

Ranked 5th most liberal compared to House Cmte. Chairs/RkMembs

Our unique ideology analysis assigns a score to Members of Congress according to their legislative behavior by how similar the pattern of bills and resolutions they cosponsor are to other Members of Congress.

For more, see our methodology. Note that because on this page only legislative activity in 2015 is considered, the ideology score here may differ from Cummings’s score elsewhere on GovTrack.

Compare to all Maryland Delegation (25th percentile); House Cmte. Chairs/RkMembs (8th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (14th percentile); House Democrats (20th percentile); Safe House Seats (10th percentile); All Representatives (9th percentile).


 

Ranked the 9th bottom follower compared to House Cmte. Chairs/RkMembs

Our unique leadership analysis looks at who is cosponsoring whose bills. A higher score shows a greater ability to get cosponsors on bills.

For more, see our methodology. Note that because on this page only legislative activity in 2015 is considered, the leadership score here may differ from Cummings’s score elsewhere on GovTrack.

Compare to all Maryland Delegation (38th percentile); House Cmte. Chairs/RkMembs (15th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (30th percentile); House Democrats (43rd percentile); Safe House Seats (33rd percentile); All Representatives (34th percentile).


 

Cosponsored the 10th most bills compared to House Cmte. Chairs/RkMembs

Cummings cosponsored 233 bills and resolutions introduced by other Members of Congress. Cosponsorship shows a willingness to work with others to advance policy goals. View Cosponsored Bills »

Compare to all Maryland Delegation (63rd percentile); House Cmte. Chairs/RkMembs (81st percentile); Serving 10+ Years (73rd percentile); House Democrats (52nd percentile); Safe House Seats (73rd percentile); All Representatives (74th percentile).


 

Joined bipartisan bills the 18th least often compared to House Democrats

Of the 233 bills that Cummings cosponsored, 19% were introduced by a legislator who was not a Democrat. View Cosponsored Bills »

Compare to all Maryland Delegation (38th percentile); House Cmte. Chairs/RkMembs (58th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (46th percentile); House Democrats (9th percentile); Safe House Seats (54th percentile); All Representatives (52nd percentile).

Only Democratic and Republican Members of Congress who cosponsored more than 10 bills and resolutions are included in this statistic.


 

Got bipartisan cosponsors on the 20th lowest % of bills compared to All Representatives (tied with 2 others)

Cummings tends to gather cosponsors only on one side of the aisle. 13% of Cummings’s 15 bills and resolutions had both a Democratic cosponsor and a Republican cosponsor in 2015.

Compare to all House Cmte. Chairs/RkMembs (19th percentile); House Democrats (14th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (13th percentile); Safe House Seats (11th percentile); All Representatives (10th percentile).

Only Members of Congress who sponsored more than 10 bills and resolutions are included in this statistic.


 

Got influential cosponsors the 40th most often compared to All Representatives (tied with 20 others)

5 of Cummings’s bills and resolutions in 2015 had a cosponsor who was a chair or ranking member of a committee that the bill was referred to. Getting support from committee leaders on relevant committees is a crucial step in moving legislation forward.

Those bills were: H.R. 1557: Federal Employee Antidiscrimination Act of ...; H.R. 3065: Financial Services Conflict of Interest ...; H.R. 3232: Unpaid Intern Protection Act of ...; H.R. 3470: Fair Chance Act; H.R. 3997: To amend MAP-21 to establish ...

Compare to all Maryland Delegation (75th percentile); House Cmte. Chairs/RkMembs (68th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (81st percentile); House Democrats (86th percentile); Safe House Seats (85th percentile); All Representatives (86th percentile).


 

Laws Enacted

Cummings introduced 0 bills that became law in 2015. Keep in mind that it takes a law to repeal a law. Very few bills ever become law.

Compare to all Maryland Delegation (0th percentile); House Cmte. Chairs/RkMembs (0th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (0th percentile); House Democrats (0th percentile); Safe House Seats (0th percentile); All Representatives (0th percentile).

A bill or joint resolution is considered enacted if it or an exactly identical bill to it is enacted as law. We only consider bills that the legislator was the primary sponsor of. While a legislator may lay claim to authoring other bills that became law, such as through incorporation into larger bills, these cases are difficult for us to track quantitatively.


 

Cosponsors

Cummings’s bills and resolutions had 117 cosponsors in 2015. Securing cosponsors is an important part of getting support for a bill, although having more cosponsors does not always mean a bill will get a vote. View Bills »

Compare to all Maryland Delegation (38th percentile); House Cmte. Chairs/RkMembs (30th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (41st percentile); House Democrats (47th percentile); Safe House Seats (46th percentile); All Representatives (47th percentile).


Additional Notes

The Speaker’s Votes: Missed votes are not computed for the Speaker of the House. According to current House rules, the Speaker of the House is not required to vote in “ordinary legislative proceedings.” In practice this means the Speaker of the House rarely votes but is not considered absent.

Leadership/Ideology: The leadership and ideology scores are not displayed for Members of Congress who introduced fewer than 10 bills, or, for ideology, for Members of Congress that have a low leadership score, as there is usually not enough data in these cases to compute reliable leadership and ideology statistics.

Missing Bills: We exclude bills from some statistics where the sponsor’s original intent is not in the final bill because the bill’s text was replaced in whole with unrelated provisions (i.e. it became a vehicle for passage of unrelated provisions).

Ranking Members (RkMembs): The chair of a committee is always selected from the political party that holds the most seats in the chamber, called the “majority party”. The “ranking member” (sometimes “RkMembs”) is the title given to the senior-most member of the committee not in the majority party.

Freshmen/Sophomores: Freshmen and sophomores are Members of Congress whose first term (in the same chamber at the end of 2015) was the 114th Congress (freshmen) or 113th (sophomores). Members of Congress who took office within the last few months of a Congress are considered freshmen in the next Congress as well.