skip to main content

Rep. Elijah Cummings’s 2016 Report Card

Representative from Maryland's 7th District
Democrat
Serving Apr 16, 1996 – Jan 3, 2019


These special statistics cover Cummings’s record during the 114th Congress (Jan 6, 2015-Jan 3, 2017) and compare him to other representatives also serving at the end of the session. Last updated on Aug 24, 2017. The statistics were updated on Jan 20, 2017 and Aug 24, 2017 to improve how we counted enacted laws. Originally published on Jan 7, 2017.

A higher or lower number below doesn’t necessarily make this legislator any better or worse, or more or less effective, than other Members of Congress. We present these statistics for you to understand the quantitative aspects of Cummings’s legislative career and make your own judgements based on what activities you think are important.

Keep in mind that there are many important aspects of being a legislator besides what can be measured, such as constituent services and performing oversight of the executive branch, which aren’t reflected here.

 

Wrote the most laws compared to Maryland Delegation

Cummings introduced 1 bill that became law, including via incorporation into other measures, in the 114th Congress. Keep in mind that it takes a law to repeal a law. Very few bills ever become law. View Enacted Bills »

Those bills were: H.R. 5920: Whistleblower Protections for Contractors Act

Compare to all Maryland Delegation (88th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (48th percentile); House Democrats (55th percentile); All Representatives (49th percentile).

The legislator must be the primary sponsor of the bill or joint resolution that was enacted or the primary sponsor of a bill or joint resolution for which at least about one third of its text was incorporated into another bill or joint resolution that was enacted as law, as determined by an automated analysis. While a legislator may lay claim to authoring other bills that became law, these cases are difficult for us to track quantitatively. We also exclude bills where the sponsor’s original intent is not in the final bill.


 

Introduced the most bills compared to Maryland Delegation (tied with 1 other)

Cummings introduced 22 bills and resolutions in the 114th Congress. View Bills »

Compare to all Maryland Delegation (75th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (66th percentile); House Democrats (70th percentile); All Representatives (72nd percentile).


 

Supported government transparency the 2nd most often compared to All Representatives (tied with 1 other)

GovTrack looked at whether Cummings supported any of 40 government transparency, accountability, and effectiveness bills in the House that we identified in this session. We gave Cummings 12 points, based on one point for cosponsoring and three points for sponsoring any of these bills.

Cummings sponsored H.R. 2319: Electronic Message Preservation Act of ...; H.R. 5920: Whistleblower Protections for Contractors Act

Cummings cosponsored H.R. 430: DISCLOSE 2015 Act; H.R. 20: Government By the People Act ...; H.R. 653: FOIA Act; H.R. 1069: Presidential Library Donation Reform Act ...; H.R. 2347: Federal Advisory Committee Act Amendments ...; H.R. 2395: Inspector General Empowerment Act of ...

Compare to all Maryland Delegation (88th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (99th percentile); House Democrats (98th percentile); All Representatives (99th percentile).


 

Held the 2nd most committee positions compared to All Representatives (tied with 1 other)

Cummings held a leadership position on 2 committees and 0 subcommittees, as either a chair (majority party) or ranking member (minority party), at the end of the session. For comparison to other Members of Congress, we assigned a score giving five points for each full committee leadership position and one point for each subcommittee leadership position. View Cummings’s Profile »

Compare to all Maryland Delegation (88th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (99th percentile); House Democrats (99th percentile); All Representatives (99th percentile).


 

Was 3rd most present in votes compared to Maryland Delegation

Cummings missed 2.9% of votes (39 of 1,325 votes) in the 114th Congress. View Cummings’s Profile »

Compare to all Maryland Delegation (25th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (45th percentile); All Representatives (58th percentile).

The Speaker of the House is not included in this statistic because according to current House rules, the Speaker of the House is not required to vote in “ordinary legislative proceedings, and the delegates from the five island territories and the District of Columbia are also not included because they were not elligible to vote in any roll call votes.


 

Got their bills out of committee the 4th most often compared to House Democrats (tied with 2 others)

Most bills and resolutions languish in committee without any action. Cummings introduced 4 bills in the 114th Congress that got past committee and to the floor for consideration.

Those bills were: H.R. 1557: Federal Employee Antidiscrimination Act of ...; H.R. 2319: Electronic Message Preservation Act of ...; H.R. 3231: Federal Intern Protection Act of ...; H.R. 5920: Whistleblower Protections for Contractors Act

Compare to all Maryland Delegation (88th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (82nd percentile); House Democrats (97th percentile); All Representatives (82nd percentile).


 

Got bicameral support on the 12th most bills compared to All Representatives (tied with 9 others)

The House and Senate often work on the same issue simultaneously by introducing companion bills in each chamber. 9 of Cummings’s bills and resolutions had a companion bill in the Senate. Working with a sponsor in the other chamber makes a bill more likely to be passed by both the House and Senate.

Those bills were: H.R. 747: Proprietary Education Oversight Coordination Improvement ...; H.R. 1055: Comprehensive Dental Reform Act of ...; H.R. 2391: Medicaid Generic Drug Price Fairness ...; H.R. 3065: Financial Services Conflict of Interest ...; H.R. 3295: REBUILD Act; H.R. 3470: Fair Chance Act; H.R. 3513: Prescription Drug Affordability Act of ...; H.R. 4194: Witness Security and Protection Grant ...; H.R. 5592: Derivatives Oversight and Taxpayer Protection ...

Compare to all Maryland Delegation (88th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (94th percentile); House Democrats (94th percentile); All Representatives (95th percentile).

Companion bills are those that are identified as “identical” by Congress’s Congressional Research Service.


 

Joined bipartisan bills the 25th least often compared to House Democrats

Of the 372 bills that Cummings cosponsored, 21% were introduced by a legislator who was not a Democrat. View Cosponsored Bills »

Compare to all Maryland Delegation (38th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (45th percentile); House Democrats (13th percentile); All Representatives (54th percentile).

Only Democratic and Republican Members of Congress who cosponsored more than 10 bills and resolutions are included in this statistic.


 

Ranked 30th most liberal compared to All Representatives

Our unique ideology analysis assigns a score to Members of Congress according to their legislative behavior by how similar the pattern of bills and resolutions they cosponsor are to other Members of Congress.

For more, see our methodology. Note that because on this page only legislative activity in the 114th Congress is considered, the ideology score here may differ from Cummings’s score elsewhere on GovTrack.

Compare to all Maryland Delegation (25th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (11th percentile); House Democrats (15th percentile); All Representatives (7th percentile).


 

Got influential cosponsors the 35th most often compared to All Representatives (tied with 7 others)

9 of Cummings’s bills and resolutions in the 114th Congress had a cosponsor who was a chair or ranking member of a committee that the bill was referred to. Getting support from committee leaders on relevant committees is a crucial step in moving legislation forward.

Those bills were: H.R. 1055: Comprehensive Dental Reform Act of ...; H.R. 1557: Federal Employee Antidiscrimination Act of ...; H.R. 3065: Financial Services Conflict of Interest ...; H.R. 3232: Unpaid Intern Protection Act of ...; H.R. 3470: Fair Chance Act; H.R. 3997: To amend MAP-21 to establish ...; H.R. 4194: Witness Security and Protection Grant ...; H.R. 4533: Net Price Calculator Improvement Act; H.R. 5920: Whistleblower Protections for Contractors Act

Compare to all Maryland Delegation (88th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (85th percentile); House Democrats (90th percentile); All Representatives (90th percentile).


 

Got bipartisan cosponsors on the 43rd fewest bills compared to House Democrats (tied with 23 others)

In this era of partisanship, it is important to see Members of Congress working across the aisle. 3 of Cummings’s 22 bills and resolutions had both a Democratic cosponsor and a Republican cosponsor in the 114th Congress.

Compare to all Maryland Delegation (25th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (25th percentile); House Democrats (22nd percentile); All Representatives (23rd percentile).


 

Cosponsored the 99th most bills compared to All Representatives (tied with 3 others)

Cummings cosponsored 372 bills and resolutions introduced by other Members of Congress. Cosponsorship shows a willingness to work with others to advance policy goals. View Cosponsored Bills »

Compare to all Maryland Delegation (63rd percentile); Serving 10+ Years (73rd percentile); House Democrats (53rd percentile); All Representatives (77th percentile).


 

Leadership Score

Our unique leadership analysis looks at who is cosponsoring whose bills. A higher score shows a greater ability to get cosponsors on bills.

For more, see our methodology. Note that because on this page only legislative activity in the 114th Congress is considered, the leadership score here may differ from Cummings’s score elsewhere on GovTrack.

Compare to all Maryland Delegation (50th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (32nd percentile); House Democrats (41st percentile); All Representatives (32nd percentile).


 

Cosponsors

Cummings’s bills and resolutions had 213 cosponsors in the 114th Congress. Securing cosponsors is an important part of getting support for a bill, although having more cosponsors does not always mean a bill will get a vote. View Bills »

Compare to all Maryland Delegation (38th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (46th percentile); House Democrats (48th percentile); All Representatives (51st percentile).


Additional Notes

The Speaker’s Votes: Missed votes are not computed for the Speaker of the House. According to current House rules, the Speaker of the House is not required to vote in “ordinary legislative proceedings.” In practice this means the Speaker of the House rarely votes but is not considered absent.

Leadership/Ideology: The leadership and ideology scores are not displayed for Members of Congress who introduced fewer than 10 bills, or, for ideology, for Members of Congress that have a low leadership score, as there is usually not enough data in these cases to compute reliable leadership and ideology statistics.

Missing Bills: We exclude bills from some statistics where the sponsor’s original intent is not in the final bill because the bill’s text was replaced in whole with unrelated provisions (i.e. it became a vehicle for passage of unrelated provisions).

Ranking Members (RkMembs): The chair of a committee is always selected from the political party that holds the most seats in the chamber, called the “majority party”. The “ranking member” (sometimes “RkMembs”) is the title given to the senior-most member of the committee not in the majority party.

Freshmen/Sophomores: Freshmen and sophomores are Members of Congress whose first term (in the same chamber at the end of the 114th Congress) was the 114th Congress (freshmen) or 113th (sophomores). Members of Congress who took office within the last few months of a Congress are considered freshmen in the next Congress as well.