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Rep. Elijah Cummings’s 2017 Report Card

Representative from Maryland's 7th District
Democrat
Serving Apr 16, 1996 – Jan 3, 2019


These special year-end statistics cover Cummings’s record during the 2017 legislative year (Jan 3, 2017-Dec 31, 2017) and compare him to other representatives serving at the end of that period. Last updated on Jan 6, 2018.

A higher or lower number below doesn’t necessarily make this legislator any better or worse, or more or less effective, than other Members of Congress. We present these statistics for you to understand the quantitative aspects of Cummings’s legislative career and make your own judgements based on what activities you think are important.

Keep in mind that there are many important aspects of being a legislator besides what can be measured, such as constituent services and performing oversight of the executive branch, which aren’t reflected here.

 

Got influential cosponsors the most often compared to Maryland Delegation

4 of Cummings’s bills and resolutions in 2017 had a cosponsor who was a chair or ranking member of a committee that the bill was referred to. Getting support from committee leaders on relevant committees is a crucial step in moving legislation forward.

Those bills were: H.R. 651: Unpaid Intern Protection Act of ...; H.R. 901: MERCY Act; H.R. 1905: Fair Chance Act; H.R. 1906: REDEEM Act

Compare to all Maryland Delegation (88th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (74th percentile); House Democrats (72nd percentile); All Representatives (76th percentile).


 

Held the most committee positions compared to Maryland Delegation

Cummings held a leadership position on 1 committee and 0 subcommittees, as either a chair (majority party) or ranking member (minority party), at the end of the session. For comparison to other Members of Congress, we assigned a score giving five points for each full committee leadership position and one point for each subcommittee leadership position. View Cummings’s Profile »

Compare to all Maryland Delegation (88th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (76th percentile); House Democrats (90th percentile); All Representatives (90th percentile).


 

Wrote the 2nd most laws compared to Maryland Delegation

Cummings introduced 1 bill that became law, including via incorporation into other measures, in 2017. Keep in mind that it takes a law to repeal a law. Very few bills ever become law. View Enacted Bills »

Those bills were: H.R. 3031: TSP Modernization Act of 2017

Compare to all Maryland Delegation (75th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (81st percentile); House Democrats (87th percentile); All Representatives (79th percentile).

The legislator must be the primary sponsor of the bill or joint resolution that was enacted or the primary sponsor of a bill or joint resolution for which at least about one third of its text was incorporated into another bill or joint resolution that was enacted as law, as determined by an automated analysis. While a legislator may lay claim to authoring other bills that became law, these cases are difficult for us to track quantitatively. We also exclude bills where the sponsor’s original intent is not in the final bill.


 

Got bipartisan cosponsors on the 2nd most bills compared to Maryland Delegation

In this era of partisanship, it is encouraging to see Members of Congress working across the aisle. 4 of Cummings’s 15 bills and resolutions had both a Democratic cosponsor and a Republican cosponsor in 2017.

Compare to all Maryland Delegation (75th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (55th percentile); House Democrats (53rd percentile); All Representatives (50th percentile).


 

Was 3rd most absent in votes compared to All Representatives

Cummings missed 33.7% of votes (239 of 710 votes) in 2017. View Cummings’s Profile »

Compare to all Maryland Delegation (88th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (99th percentile); All Representatives (99th percentile).

The Speaker of the House is not included in this statistic because according to current House rules, the Speaker of the House is not required to vote in “ordinary legislative proceedings, and the delegates from the five island territories and the District of Columbia are also not included because they were not elligible to vote in any roll call votes.


 

Got their bills out of committee the 6th most often compared to House Democrats (tied with 6 others)

Most bills and resolutions languish in committee without any action. Cummings introduced 4 bills in 2017 that got past committee and to the floor for consideration.

Those bills were: H.R. 653: Federal Intern Protection Act of ...; H.R. 702: Federal Employee Antidiscrimination Act of ...; H.R. 2229: All Circuit Review Act; H.R. 3031: TSP Modernization Act of 2017

Compare to all Maryland Delegation (88th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (82nd percentile); House Democrats (94th percentile); All Representatives (82nd percentile).


 

Joined bipartisan bills the 21st least often compared to House Democrats

Of the 259 bills that Cummings cosponsored, 19% were introduced by a legislator who was not a Democrat. View Cosponsored Bills »

Compare to all Maryland Delegation (25th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (38th percentile); House Democrats (10th percentile); All Representatives (49th percentile).

Only Democratic and Republican Members of Congress who cosponsored more than 10 bills and resolutions are included in this statistic.


 

Ranked 31st most liberal compared to All Representatives

Our unique ideology analysis assigns a score to Members of Congress according to their legislative behavior by how similar the pattern of bills and resolutions they cosponsor are to other Members of Congress.

For more, see our methodology. Note that because on this page only legislative activity in 2017 is considered, the ideology score here may differ from Cummings’s score elsewhere on GovTrack.

Compare to all Maryland Delegation (13th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (10th percentile); House Democrats (15th percentile); All Representatives (7th percentile).


 

Got bicameral support on the 24th most bills compared to All Representatives (tied with 17 others)

The House and Senate often work on the same issue simultaneously by introducing companion bills in each chamber. 5 of Cummings’s bills and resolutions had a companion bill in the Senate. Working with a sponsor in the other chamber makes a bill more likely to be passed by both the House and Senate.

Those bills were: H.R. 859: Financial Services Conflict of Interest ...; H.R. 901: MERCY Act; H.R. 1245: Affordable and Safe Prescription Drug ...; H.R. 4138: Medicare Drug Price Negotiation Act; H.Con.Res. 38: Recognizing the life and legacy ...

Compare to all Maryland Delegation (88th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (88th percentile); House Democrats (90th percentile); All Representatives (91st percentile).

Companion bills are those that are identified as “identical” by Congress’s Congressional Research Service.


 

Cosponsored the 101st most bills compared to All Representatives (tied with 2 others)

Cummings cosponsored 259 bills and resolutions introduced by other Members of Congress. Cosponsorship shows a willingness to work with others to advance policy goals. View Cosponsored Bills »

Compare to all Maryland Delegation (63rd percentile); Serving 10+ Years (70th percentile); House Democrats (50th percentile); All Representatives (76th percentile).


 

Government Transparency

GovTrack looked at whether Cummings supported any of 21 government transparency, accountability, and effectiveness bills in the House that we identified in this session. We gave Cummings 2 points, based on one point for cosponsoring and three points for sponsoring any of these bills.

Cummings cosponsored H.R. 73: Presidential Library Donation Reform Act ...; H.R. 70: Federal Advisory Committee Act Amendments ...

Compare to all Maryland Delegation (50th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (55th percentile); House Democrats (40th percentile); All Representatives (55th percentile).


 

Bills Introduced

Cummings introduced 15 bills and resolutions in 2017. View Bills »

Compare to all Maryland Delegation (63rd percentile); Serving 10+ Years (62nd percentile); House Democrats (65th percentile); All Representatives (67th percentile).


 

Leadership Score

Our unique leadership analysis looks at who is cosponsoring whose bills. A higher score shows a greater ability to get cosponsors on bills.

For more, see our methodology. Note that because on this page only legislative activity in 2017 is considered, the leadership score here may differ from Cummings’s score elsewhere on GovTrack.

Compare to all Maryland Delegation (50th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (33rd percentile); House Democrats (41st percentile); All Representatives (35th percentile).


 

Cosponsors

Cummings’s bills and resolutions had 159 cosponsors in 2017. Securing cosponsors is an important part of getting support for a bill, although having more cosponsors does not always mean a bill will get a vote. View Bills »

Compare to all Maryland Delegation (50th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (52nd percentile); House Democrats (49th percentile); All Representatives (56th percentile).


Additional Notes

The Speaker’s Votes: Missed votes are not computed for the Speaker of the House. According to current House rules, the Speaker of the House is not required to vote in “ordinary legislative proceedings.” In practice this means the Speaker of the House rarely votes but is not considered absent.

Leadership/Ideology: The leadership and ideology scores are not displayed for Members of Congress who introduced fewer than 10 bills, or, for ideology, for Members of Congress that have a low leadership score, as there is usually not enough data in these cases to compute reliable leadership and ideology statistics.

Missing Bills: We exclude bills from some statistics where the sponsor’s original intent is not in the final bill because the bill’s text was replaced in whole with unrelated provisions (i.e. it became a vehicle for passage of unrelated provisions).

Ranking Members (RkMembs): The chair of a committee is always selected from the political party that holds the most seats in the chamber, called the “majority party”. The “ranking member” (sometimes “RkMembs”) is the title given to the senior-most member of the committee not in the majority party.

Freshmen/Sophomores: Freshmen and sophomores are Members of Congress whose first term (in the same chamber at the end of 2017) was the 115th Congress (freshmen) or 114th (sophomores). Members of Congress who took office within the last few months of a Congress are considered freshmen in the next Congress as well.