Holtzman was the representative for New York’s 16th congressional district and was a Democrat. She served from 1973 to 1980.
Holtzman is shown as a purple triangle ▲ in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot was a member of the House of Representatives in 1980 positioned according to our liberal–conservative ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).
The chart is based on the bills Holtzman sponsored and cosponsored from Jan 14, 1975 to Dec 13, 1980. See full analysis methodology.
Holtzman was the primary sponsor of 9 bills that were enacted. The most recent include:
- H.R. 3707 (96th): A bill for the relief of Joy Marsia Dehaney.
- H.R. 3142 (96th): A bill for the relief of Michael Carl Brown.
- H.R. 3959 (96th): A bill to amend title 28 of the United States Code to allow the United States attorney and assistant United States attorneys for the Eastern District of ...
- H.R. 7653 (95th): An Act for the relief of Jackson Ormiston Edwards Cuffy and Merle Cleopatra Edwards Cuffy.
- H.R. 12509 (95th): An Act to amend the Immigration and Nationality Act to exclude from admission into, and to deport from, the United States all aliens who persecuted any person ...
- H.R. 4727 (95th): Privacy Protection for Rape Victims Act
- H.J.Res. 638 (95th): Joint resolution extending the deadline for the ratification of the equal rights amendment.
Does 9 not sound like a lot? Very few bills are ever enacted — most legislators sponsor only a handful that are signed into law. But there are other legislative activities that we don’t track that are also important, including offering amendments, committee work and oversight of the other branches, and constituent services.
We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if at least about half of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).
Holtzman sponsored bills primarily in these issue areas:
Crime and Law Enforcement (18%) Immigration (18%) Social Welfare (15%) Law (13%) Civil Rights and Liberties, Minority Issues (12%) Private Legislation (8%) Government Operations and Politics (8%) Labor and Employment (8%)
Some of Holtzman’s most recently sponsored bills include...
- H.Res. 816 (96th): A resolution opposing the granting of permanent residence in the United States ...
- H.Res. 817 (96th): A resolution opposing the granting of permanent residence in the United States ...
- H.R. 7602 (96th): National Library Resources Sharing Act of 1980
- H.R. 7415 (96th): Victims of Toxic and Hazardous Substances Emergency Relief Act of 1980
- H.R. 7273 (96th): Immigration and Nationality Act Amendments of 1980
- H.Con.Res. 320 (96th): A concurrent resolution expressing sorrow over the death of 22 members and ...
- H.R. 7118 (96th): A bill to amend the Immigration and Nationality Act with respect to ...
From Jan 1973 to Dec 1980, Holtzman missed 645 of 5,167 roll call votes, which is 12.5%. This is worse than the median of 8.6% among the lifetime records of representatives serving in Dec 1980. The chart below reports missed votes over time.
We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses and major life events.
|Time Period||Votes Eligible||Missed Votes||Percent||Percentile|
The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including:
- unitedstates/congress-legislators, a community project gathering congressional information
- United States Congressional Roll Call Voting Records, 1789-1990 by Howard L. Rosenthal and Keith T. Poole.
- Martis’s “The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress”, via Keith Poole’s roll call votes data set, for political party affiliation for Members of Congress from 1789 through about year 2000
- Biographical Directory of the United States Congress for the photo
- GovInfo.gov, for sponsored bills