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Rep. Elizabeth Holtzman

Former Representative for New York’s 16th District

Holtzman, a Democrat, was the representative for New York's 16th congressional district from 1973 to 1980.

Photo of Rep. Elizabeth Holtzman [D-NY16, 1973-1980]

Analysis

Ideology–Leadership Chart

Holtzman is shown as a purple triangle in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot was a member of the House of Representatives in 1980 positioned according to our liberal–conservative ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).

The chart is based on the bills Holtzman sponsored and cosponsored. See full analysis methodology.

Enacted Legislation

Holtzman was the primary sponsor of 9 bills that were enacted. The most recent include:

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We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if about one third or more of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).

Bills Sponsored

Issue Areas

Holtzman sponsored bills primarily in these issue areas:

Crime and Law Enforcement (18%) Immigration (18%) Social Welfare (15%) Law (13%) Civil Rights and Liberties, Minority Issues (12%) Government Operations and Politics (8%) Private Legislation (8%) Labor and Employment (8%)

Recent Bills

Some of Holtzman’s most recently sponsored bills include...

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Voting Record

Missed Votes

From Jan 1973 to Dec 1980, Holtzman missed 645 of 5,167 roll call votes, which is 12.5%. This is worse than the median of 8.6% among the lifetime records of representatives serving in Dec 1980. The chart below reports missed votes over time.

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Primary Sources

The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including: