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Rep. Emanuel Cleaver II

Representative for Missouri’s 5th District

pronounced ee-MAN-yoo-ul // KLEE-ver

Cleaver is the representative for Missouri’s 5th congressional district (view map) and is a Democrat. He has served since Jan 4, 2005. Cleaver is next up for reelection in 2022 and serves until Jan 3, 2023.

Cleaver has cosponsored 7 bills introduced in the current Congress by Republican legislators who fomented the terrorist attack on the Capitol on January 6, 2021 by calling for entire states to be disenfranchised in the 2020 presidential election.
Photo of Rep. Emanuel Cleaver [D-MO5]


Legislative Metrics

Read our 2020 Report Card for Cleaver.

Ideology–Leadership Chart

Cleaver is shown as a purple triangle in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot is a member of the House of Representatives positioned according to our ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).

The chart is based on the bills Cleaver has sponsored and cosponsored from Jan 3, 2017 to Jun 15, 2021. See full analysis methodology.

Ratings from Advocacy Organizations

Planned Parenthood Action Fund: 100% Human Rights Campaign: 97% League of Conservation Voters: 89% United States Chamber of Commerce: 58% The National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws: C The Club for Growth: 7%

Committee Membership

Emanuel Cleaver II sits on the following committees:

Enacted Legislation

Cleaver was the primary sponsor of 4 bills that were enacted:

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Does 4 not sound like a lot? Very few bills are ever enacted — most legislators sponsor only a handful that are signed into law. But there are other legislative activities that we don’t track that are also important, including offering amendments, committee work and oversight of the other branches, and constituent services.

We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if at least about half of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).

Bills Sponsored

Issue Areas

Cleaver sponsors bills primarily in these issue areas:

Finance and Financial Sector (33%) Housing and Community Development (17%) Health (12%) Transportation and Public Works (12%) Government Operations and Politics (8%) International Affairs (8%) Education (8%)

Recent Bills

Some of Cleaver’s most recently sponsored bills include...

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Voting Record

Key Votes

Cleaver voted Yea

Failed 230/162 on Dec 20, 2018.

Cleaver voted Yea

Passed 245/174 on Apr 11, 2018.

H.R. 4293 improves the stress testing process for bank holding companies. Specifically, the bill improves the process by: - Requiring certain bank holding companies to ...

Cleaver voted Nay

Passed 344/73 on Jan 10, 2017.

H.R. 79 amends the Securities Act of 1933 to clarify that certain startup companies are able to give presentations about their company and host certain ...

Cleaver voted Nay

Passed 338/88 on May 13, 2015.

The USA Freedom Act (H.R. 2048, Pub.L. 114–23) is a U.S. law enacted on June 2, 2015 that restored in modified form several provisions of ...

Cleaver voted Not Voting

Passed 219/206 on Dec 11, 2014.

This bill became the vehicle for passage of the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015 [pdf], which was approved by the House on December ...

Cleaver voted Aye

Cleaver voted Aye

Cleaver voted Aye

Passed 304/117 on Jun 23, 2011.

The Leahy–Smith America Invents Act (AIA) is a United States federal statute that was passed by Congress and was signed into law by President Barack ...

Cleaver voted Nay

Passed 411/8 on Jul 31, 2007.

The Honest Leadership and Open Government Act of 2007 (Pub.L. 110–81, 121 Stat. 735, enacted September 14, 2007) is a law of the United States ...

Missed Votes

From Jan 2005 to Jun 2021, Cleaver missed 623 of 11,214 roll call votes, which is 5.6%. This is much worse than the median of 2.0% among the lifetime records of representatives currently serving. The chart below reports missed votes over time.

We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses and major life events.

Show the numbers...

Primary Sources

The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including: