skip to main content

Sen. Ernest “Fritz” Hollings

Former Senator for South Carolina

Hollings was a senator from South Carolina and was a Democrat. He served from 1966 to 2004.

Photo of Sen. Ernest “Fritz” Hollings [D-SC, 1966-2004]


Ideology–Leadership Chart

Hollings is shown as a purple triangle in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot was a member of the Senate in 2004 positioned according to our ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).

The chart is based on the bills Hollings sponsored and cosponsored from Jan 6, 1999 to Dec 8, 2004. See full analysis methodology.

Enacted Legislation

Hollings was the primary sponsor of 30 bills that were enacted. The most recent include:

View All »

Does 30 not sound like a lot? Very few bills are ever enacted — most legislators sponsor only a handful that are signed into law. But there are other legislative activities that we don’t track that are also important, including offering amendments, committee work and oversight of the other branches, and constituent services.

We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if at least about half of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).

Bills Sponsored

Issue Areas

Hollings sponsored bills primarily in these issue areas:

Commerce (18%) Government Operations and Politics (15%) Law (13%) Economics and Public Finance (12%) Science, Technology, Communications (12%) Foreign Trade and International Finance (12%) Transportation and Public Works (10%) Public Lands and Natural Resources (8%)

Recently Introduced Bills

Hollings recently introduced the following legislation:

View All » | View Cosponsors »

Most legislation has no activity after being introduced.

Voting Record

Missed Votes

From Jan 1967 to Dec 2004, Hollings missed 1,309 of 15,466 roll call votes, which is 8.5%. This is much worse than the median of 2.0% among the lifetime records of senators serving in Dec 2004. The chart below reports missed votes over time.

We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses, major life events, and running for higher office.

Show the numbers...

Primary Sources

The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including: