Church is shown as a purple triangle ▲ in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot was a member of the Senate in 1980 positioned according to our liberal–conservative ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).
The chart is based on the bills Church sponsored and cosponsored from Jan 15, 1975 to Dec 16, 1980. See full analysis methodology.
Church was the primary sponsor of 21 bills that were enacted. The most recent include:
- S. 1828 (96th): An Act to exempt the existing facilities of the Milner Dam from section 14 of the Federal Power Act, and for other purposes.
- S. 2271 (96th): An act to amend the Bretton Woods Agreements Act to authorize consent to an increase in the United States quota in the International Monetary Fund, and for ...
- S. 2009 (96th): Central Idaho Wilderness Act of 1979
- S.J.Res. 89 (96th): A joint resolution permitting the supply of additional low enriched uranium fuel under international agreements for cooperation in the civil uses of nuclear energy, and for other ...
- S. 2666 (96th): A bill to authorize appropriations for the International Natural Rubber Agreement for fiscal year 1981.
- S. 662 (96th): A bill to provide for increased participation by the United States in the Inter-American Development Bank, the Asian Development Bank, and the African Development Fund.
- S. 2581 (96th): Hostage Relief Act of 1980
Does 21 not sound like a lot? Very few bills are ever enacted — most legislators sponsor only a handful that are signed into law. But there are other legislative activities that we don’t track that are also important, including offering amendments, committee work and oversight of the other branches, and constituent services.
We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if at least about half of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).
Church sponsored bills primarily in these issue areas:
International Affairs (21%) Government Operations and Politics (19%) Social Welfare (15%) Public Lands and Natural Resources (15%) Economics and Public Finance (11%) Energy (6%) Foreign Trade and International Finance (6%) Armed Forces and National Security (6%)
Some of Church’s most recently sponsored bills include...
- S.Res. 550 (96th): An original resolution to elect the Senator from the State of New ...
- S.Res. 543 (96th): An original resolution waiving section 402(a) of the Congressional Budget Act of ...
- S.Con.Res. 129 (96th): A concurrent resolution relating to the recent curtailment of Jewish emigration by ...
- S. 3149 (96th): A bill to provide for resolution of land title questions and assure ...
- S. 3143 (96th): A bill to provide for the conveyance of certain federal lands adjacent ...
- S.Res. 518 (96th): An original resolution waiving section 402 (a) of the Congressional Budget Act ...
- S. 3058 (96th): Foreign Service Act of 1980
From Jan 1957 to Dec 1980, Church missed 1,852 of 9,064 roll call votes, which is 20.4%. This is much worse than the median of 9.2% among the lifetime records of senators serving in Dec 1980. The chart below reports missed votes over time.
We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses and major life events.
|Time Period||Votes Eligible||Missed Votes||Percent||Percentile|
The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including:
- unitedstates/congress-legislators, a community project gathering congressional information
- United States Congressional Roll Call Voting Records, 1789-1990 by Howard L. Rosenthal and Keith T. Poole.
- Martis’s “The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress”, via Keith Poole’s roll call votes data set, for political party affiliation for Members of Congress from 1789 through about year 2000
- Biographical Directory of the United States Congress for the photo
- GovInfo.gov, for sponsored bills