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Sen. Frank Murkowski

Former Senator for Alaska

Murkowski was a senator from Alaska and was a Republican. He served from 1981 to 2002.

Photo of Sen. Frank Murkowski [R-AK, 1981-2002]


Ideology–Leadership Chart

Murkowski is shown as a purple triangle in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot was a member of the Senate in 2002 positioned according to our liberal–conservative ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).

The chart is based on the bills Murkowski sponsored and cosponsored from Jan 7, 1997 to Nov 20, 2002. See full analysis methodology.

Enacted Legislation

Murkowski was the primary sponsor of 45 bills that were enacted. The most recent include:

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Does 45 not sound like a lot? Very few bills are ever enacted — most legislators sponsor only a handful that are signed into law. But there are other legislative activities that we don’t track that are also important, including offering amendments, committee work and oversight of the other branches, and constituent services.

We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if at least about half of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).

Bills Sponsored

Issue Areas

Murkowski sponsored bills primarily in these issue areas:

Government Operations and Politics (18%) Public Lands and Natural Resources (16%) Law (14%) Energy (12%) Economics and Public Finance (11%) Environmental Protection (10%) Commerce (10%) Transportation and Public Works (9%)

Recent Bills

Some of Murkowski’s most recently sponsored bills include...

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Voting Record

Missed Votes

From Jan 1981 to Nov 2002, Murkowski missed 513 of 7,915 roll call votes, which is 6.5%. This is much worse than the median of 1.8% among the lifetime records of senators serving in Nov 2002. The chart below reports missed votes over time.

We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses and major life events.

Show the numbers...

Primary Sources

The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including: