Grandy is shown as a purple triangle ▲ in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot was a member of the House of Representatives in 1994 positioned according to our liberal–conservative ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).
The chart is based on the bills Grandy sponsored and cosponsored from Jan 3, 1989 to Nov 29, 1994. See full analysis methodology.
Grandy was the primary sponsor of 2 bills that were enacted:
- H.J.Res. 379 (101st): Commending the citizens of the Sioux City, Iowa, tri-State area for their heroism and spirit of volunteerism in selflessly providing assistance and life-saving services to the passengers ...
- H.J.Res. 247 (101st): Designating May 29, 1989, as the “National Day of Remembrance for the Victims of the USS IOWA”.
Does 2 not sound like a lot? Very few bills are ever enacted — most legislators sponsor only a handful that are signed into law. But there are other legislative activities that we don’t track that are also important, including offering amendments, committee work and oversight of the other branches, and constituent services.
We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if at least about half of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).
Grandy sponsored bills primarily in these issue areas:
Some of Grandy’s most recently sponsored bills include...
- H.R. 4133 (103rd): To expand the Tree Assistance Program of the Department of Agriculture to ...
- H.R. 2708 (103rd): To amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to provide taxpayers engaged ...
- H.R. 2252 (103rd): To extend until January 1, 1997, the existing suspension of duty on ...
- H.R. 2251 (103rd): To extend until January 1, 1997, the existing suspension of duty on ...
- H.R. 2168 (103rd): To reduce the column 1-general rate of duty on piperonyl butoxide (PBO).
- H.R. 2163 (103rd): To reduce the column 1-general rate of duty on piperonyl butoxide (PBO).
- H.R. 2164 (103rd): To suspend until January 1, 1997, the duty on lambdacyhalothrin.
From Jan 1987 to Nov 1994, Grandy missed 268 of 3,897 roll call votes, which is 6.9%. This is worse than the median of 3.4% among the lifetime records of representatives serving in Nov 1994. The chart below reports missed votes over time.
We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses and major life events.
|Time Period||Votes Eligible||Missed Votes||Percent||Percentile|
The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including:
- unitedstates/congress-legislators, a community project gathering congressional information
- The House and Senate websites, for committee membership and voting records
- United States Congressional Roll Call Voting Records, 1789-1990 by Howard L. Rosenthal and Keith T. Poole.
- Martis’s “The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress”, via Keith Poole’s roll call votes data set, for political party affiliation for Members of Congress from 1789 through about year 2000
- GovInfo.gov, for sponsored bills