Hart is shown as a purple triangle ▲ in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot was a member of the Senate in 1986 positioned according to our liberal–conservative ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).
The chart is based on the bills Hart sponsored and cosponsored from Jan 5, 1981 to Oct 18, 1986. See full analysis methodology.
Hart was the primary sponsor of 8 bills that were enacted. The most recent include:
- S. 1979 (98th): A bill to confirm the boundaries of the Southern Ute Indian Reservation in the State of Colorado and to define jurisdiction within such reservation.
- S. 562 (96th): A bill to authorize appropriations to the Nuclear Regulatory Commission in accordance with section 261 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended, and Section 305 ...
- S. 2460 (96th): Uniformed Services Health Professionals Special Pay Act of 1980
- S. 2747 (96th): A bill to authorize the President of the United States to present on behalf of Congress a specially struck gold-plated medal to the United States Summer Olympic ...
- S. 1319 (96th): Military Construction Authorization Act, 1980
- S. 2584 (95th): An Act to authorize appropriations to the Nuclear Regulatory Commission for fiscal year 1979, and for other purposes.
- S. 1131 (95th): An Act to authorize appropriations for Nuclear Regulatory Commission for the fiscal years 1978, and for other purposes.
Does 8 not sound like a lot? Very few bills are ever enacted — most legislators sponsor only a handful that are signed into law. But there are other legislative activities that we don’t track that are also important, including offering amendments, committee work and oversight of the other branches, and constituent services.
We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if at least about half of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).
Hart sponsored bills primarily in these issue areas:
International Affairs (21%) Economics and Public Finance (18%) Armed Forces and National Security (16%) Taxation (11%) Energy (11%) Education (10%) Science, Technology, Communications (7%) Labor and Employment (7%)
Some of Hart’s most recently sponsored bills include...
- S. 2465 (99th): A bill to amend section 207(e) of title 18, United States Code, ...
- S. 2415 (99th): Fair Foundations Act
- S.Con.Res. 131 (99th): A concurrent resolution expressing the sense of the Congress that the Soviet ...
- S. 2127 (99th): Competitive America Trade Reform Act of 1986
- S.J.Res. 277 (99th): A joint resolution to establish a Trust Fund for Democracy in the ...
- S. 2041 (99th): Gramm-Rudman Repeal Act
- S.Con.Res. 103 (99th): A concurrent resolution to commend Bishop Desmond Tutu for his courageous work ...
From Jan 1975 to Oct 1986, Hart missed 668 of 5,889 roll call votes, which is 11.3%. This is much worse than the median of 6.0% among the lifetime records of senators serving in Oct 1986. The chart below reports missed votes over time.
We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses and major life events.
|Time Period||Votes Eligible||Missed Votes||Percent||Percentile|
The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including:
- unitedstates/congress-legislators, a community project gathering congressional information
- United States Congressional Roll Call Voting Records, 1789-1990 by Howard L. Rosenthal and Keith T. Poole.
- Martis’s “The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress”, via Keith Poole’s roll call votes data set, for political party affiliation for Members of Congress from 1789 through about year 2000
- Biographical Directory of the United States Congress for the photo
- GovInfo.gov, for sponsored bills