Read our 2020 Report Card for Holding.
Holding is shown as a purple triangle ▲ in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot was a member of the House of Representatives in 2020 positioned according to our ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).
The chart is based on the bills Holding sponsored and cosponsored from Jan 6, 2015 to Dec 28, 2020. See full analysis methodology.
Holding was the primary sponsor of 3 bills that were enacted:
- H.R. 536 (116th): Hurricane Florence Tax Relief Act
- H.R. 1295 (114th): Trade Preferences Extension Act of 2015
- H.R. 2922 (113th): To extend the authority of the Supreme Court Police to protect court officials away from the Supreme Court grounds.
Does 3 not sound like a lot? Very few bills are ever enacted — most legislators sponsor only a handful that are signed into law. But there are other legislative activities that we don’t track that are also important, including offering amendments, committee work and oversight of the other branches, and constituent services.
We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if at least about half of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).
Holding sponsored bills primarily in these issue areas:
Recently Introduced Bills
Holding recently introduced the following legislation:
- H.R. 8538 (116th): To allow certain governmental pension plans to include firefighters, emergency medical technicians, …
- H.R. 7775 (116th): To amend title 28, United States Code, to redefine the eastern and …
- H.R. 6821 (116th): Small Business Expense Protection Act of 2020
- H.R. 5512 (116th): Tanning Tax Repeal Act of 2019
- H.R. 3390 (116th): Incentivizing Investment and Job Creation in Opportunity Zones Act of 2019
- H.R. 1902 (116th): To amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to allow officers and …
- H.Res. 174 (116th): Recognizing the self-determination of Gibraltar to determine its status as a British …
Most legislation has no activity after being introduced.
From Jan 2013 to Dec 2020, Holding missed 194 of 4,693 roll call votes, which is 4.1%. This is worse than the median of 2.3% among the lifetime records of representatives serving in Dec 2020. The chart below reports missed votes over time.
We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses and major life events.
|Time Period||Votes Eligible||Missed Votes||Percent||Percentile|
The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including: