Leland was the representative for Texas’s 18th congressional district and was a Democrat. He served from 1979 to 1989.
Leland is shown as a purple triangle ▲ in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot was a member of the House of Representatives in 1990 positioned according to our ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).
The chart is based on the bills Leland sponsored and cosponsored from Jan 3, 1985 to Oct 27, 1990. See full analysis methodology.
Leland was the primary sponsor of 2 bills that were enacted:
- H.J.Res. 368 (100th): A joint resolution designating the week of November 8 through November 14, 1987, as “National Food Bank Week”.
- H.J.Res. 666 (99th): A joint resolution expressing the sense of Congress in support of a commemorative structure within the National Park System dedicated to the promotion of understanding, knowledge, opportunity ...
Does 2 not sound like a lot? Very few bills are ever enacted — most legislators sponsor only a handful that are signed into law. But there are other legislative activities that we don’t track that are also important, including offering amendments, committee work and oversight of the other branches, and constituent services.
We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if at least about half of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).
Leland sponsored bills primarily in these issue areas:
Government Operations and Politics (27%) Economics and Public Finance (18%) Health (15%) Social Welfare (10%) International Affairs (10%) Families (7%) Housing and Community Development (7%) Education (7%)
Some of Leland’s most recently sponsored bills include...
- H.R. 3184 (101st): Department of Energy Minority Economic Impact Revitalization Act
- H.R. 2811 (101st): Postal Service Voter Registration Facilitation Acts of 1989
- H.R. 2812 (101st): Federal Fire Service Pay Schedule Act of 1989
- H.R. 2810 (101st): Postal Service Voter Registration Facilitation Acts of 1989
- H.R. 2585 (101st): Air Toxics Control Act of 1989
- H.R. 2560 (101st): White House Conference on Homelessness Act
- H.R. 2477 (101st): National African-American Heritage Memorial Museum Act
From Jan 1979 to Aug 1989, Leland missed 694 of 5,030 roll call votes, which is 13.8%. This is much worse than the median of 4.8% among the lifetime records of representatives serving in Aug 1989. The chart below reports missed votes over time.
We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses and major life events.
|Time Period||Votes Eligible||Missed Votes||Percent||Percentile|
The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including:
- unitedstates/congress-legislators, a community project gathering congressional information
- United States Congressional Roll Call Voting Records, 1789-1990 by Howard L. Rosenthal and Keith T. Poole.
- Martis’s “The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress”, via Keith Poole’s roll call votes data set, for political party affiliation for Members of Congress from 1789 through about year 2000
- Biographical Directory of the United States Congress for the photo
- GovInfo.gov, for sponsored bills