Montgomery is shown as a purple triangle ▲ in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot was a member of the House of Representatives in 1996 positioned according to our ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).
The chart is based on the bills Montgomery sponsored and cosponsored from Jan 3, 1991 to Oct 3, 1996. See full analysis methodology.
Montgomery was the primary sponsor of 47 bills that were enacted. The most recent include:
- H.R. 5244 (103rd): Veterans’ Benefits Improvements Act of 1994
- H.R. 995 (103rd): Uniformed Services Employment and Reemployment Rights Act of 1994
- H.R. 5193 (102nd): Veterans Health Care Act of 1992
- H.J.Res. 479 (102nd): To designate November 13, 1992, as “Vietnam Veterans Memorial 10th Anniversary Day”.
- H.R. 3327 (102nd): To amend title 38, United States Code, to provide for the designation of an Assistant Secretary of the Department of Veterans Affairs as the Chief Minority Affairs ...
- H.R. 2525 (102nd): Department of Veterans Affairs Codification Act
- H.R. 153 (102nd): Veterans’ Judicial Review Amendments of 1991
Does 47 not sound like a lot? Very few bills are ever enacted — most legislators sponsor only a handful that are signed into law. But there are other legislative activities that we don’t track that are also important, including offering amendments, committee work and oversight of the other branches, and constituent services.
We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if at least about half of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).
Montgomery sponsored bills primarily in these issue areas:
Some of Montgomery’s most recently sponsored bills include...
- H.R. 3285 (104th): To amend title 38, United States Code, to restore the authority of ...
- H.R. 3183 (104th): To amend title 38, United States Code, to limit the amount of ...
- H.R. 3117 (104th): To amend title 38, United States Code, to enable the Secretary of ...
- H.R. 3119 (104th): To amend title 38, United States Code, to revise and improve eligibility ...
- H.R. 3036 (104th): To amend title 38, United States Code, to require that the offices ...
- H.R. 2707 (104th): Affordable Home Ownership Act of 1995
- H.R. 1941 (104th): To amend title 38, United States Code, to make clarifying and technical ...
From Jan 1967 to Sep 1996, Montgomery missed 684 of 14,582 roll call votes, which is 4.7%. This is worse than the median of 2.7% among the lifetime records of representatives serving in Sep 1996. The chart below reports missed votes over time.
We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses and major life events.
|Time Period||Votes Eligible||Missed Votes||Percent||Percentile|
The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including:
- unitedstates/congress-legislators, a community project gathering congressional information
- The House and Senate websites, for committee membership and voting records
- United States Congressional Roll Call Voting Records, 1789-1990 by Howard L. Rosenthal and Keith T. Poole.
- Martis’s “The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress”, via Keith Poole’s roll call votes data set, for political party affiliation for Members of Congress from 1789 through about year 2000
- Biographical Directory of the United States Congress for the photo
- GovInfo.gov, for sponsored bills