Laughlin was the representative for Texas’s 14th congressional district and was most recently a Republican (1995-1996) and previously a Democrat (1989-1995). He served from 1989 to 1996.
Laughlin is shown as a purple triangle ▲ in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot was a member of the House of Representatives in 1996 positioned according to our ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).
The chart is based on the bills Laughlin sponsored and cosponsored from Jan 3, 1991 to Oct 3, 1996. See full analysis methodology.
Laughlin was the primary sponsor of 5 bills that were enacted:
- H.R. 4771 (102nd): To designate the facility of the United States Postal Service being constructed at FM 1098 Loop in Prairie View, Texas, as the “Esel D. Bell Post Office ...
- H.R. 5831 (102nd): To designate the Federal building located at 312 South Main Street in Victoria, Texas, as the “Martin Luther King Jr. Federal Building”.
- H.R. 2105 (102nd): To designate the area in Calhoun County, Texas, known as Rancho La Bahia, as the “Myrtle Foester Whitmire National Wildlife Refuge”.
- H.J.Res. 327 (102nd): Designating 1992 as the “Year of the Gulf of Mexico”.
- H.J.Res. 231 (102nd): Designating May 22, 1991, as “National Desert Storm Reservists Day”.
Does 5 not sound like a lot? Very few bills are ever enacted — most legislators sponsor only a handful that are signed into law. But there are other legislative activities that we don’t track that are also important, including offering amendments, committee work and oversight of the other branches, and constituent services.
We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if at least about half of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).
Laughlin sponsored bills primarily in these issue areas:
Some of Laughlin’s most recently sponsored bills include...
- H.R. 4256 (104th): To amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to provide for the ...
- H.R. 3823 (104th): To provide for the liquidation or reliquidation of certain entries.
- H.R. 3822 (104th): Palmetto Bend Project Title Transfer Act
- H.R. 1646 (104th): Reserve Forces Revitalization Act of 1995
- H.R. 1899 (103rd): Gulf of Mexico Economic and Environmental Protection Act of 1993
- H.R. 1827 (103rd): To amend title 10, United States Code, to establish a separate reserve ...
- H.Con.Res. 67 (103rd): Welcoming the XLVI Congress of the Interallied Confederation of Reserve Officers (CIOR), ...
From Jan 1989 to Sep 1996, Laughlin missed 318 of 4,298 roll call votes, which is 7.4%. This is much worse than the median of 2.7% among the lifetime records of representatives serving in Sep 1996. The chart below reports missed votes over time.
We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses and major life events.
|Time Period||Votes Eligible||Missed Votes||Percent||Percentile|
The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including:
- unitedstates/congress-legislators, a community project gathering congressional information
- The House and Senate websites, for committee membership and voting records
- United States Congressional Roll Call Voting Records, 1789-1990 by Howard L. Rosenthal and Keith T. Poole.
- Martis’s “The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress”, via Keith Poole’s roll call votes data set, for political party affiliation for Members of Congress from 1789 through about year 2000
- Biographical Directory of the United States Congress for the photo
- GovInfo.gov, for sponsored bills