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Rep. Harold Ford

Former Representative for Tennessee’s 9th District

Ford was the representative for Tennessee’s 9th congressional district and was a Democrat. He served from 1983 to 1996.

He was previously the representative for Tennessee’s 8th congressional district as a Democrat from 1975 to 1982.

Photo of Rep. Harold Ford [D-TN9, 1983-1996]


Ideology–Leadership Chart

Ford is shown as a purple triangle in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot was a member of the House of Representatives in 1996 positioned according to our liberal–conservative ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).

The chart is based on the bills Ford sponsored and cosponsored. See full analysis methodology.

Enacted Legislation

Ford was the primary sponsor of 8 bills that were enacted. The most recent include:

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We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if about one third or more of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).

Bills Sponsored

Issue Areas

Ford sponsored bills primarily in these issue areas:

Taxation (32%) Social Welfare (21%) Foreign Trade and International Finance (21%) Labor and Employment (16%) Education (11%)

Recent Bills

Some of Ford’s most recently sponsored bills include...

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Voting Record

Missed Votes

From Jan 1975 to Sep 1996, Ford missed 2,301 of 11,934 roll call votes, which is 19.3%. This is much worse than the median of 2.7% among the lifetime records of representatives serving in Sep 1996. The chart below reports missed votes over time.

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Primary Sources

The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including: