Hughes is shown as a purple triangle ▲ in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot was a member of the Senate in 1974 positioned according to our liberal–conservative ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).
The chart is based on the bills Hughes sponsored and cosponsored from Jan 3, 1973 to Dec 20, 1974. See full analysis methodology.
Hughes was the primary sponsor of 2 bills that were enacted:
- S. 1125 (93rd): Comprehensive Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism Prevention, Treatment, and Rehabilitation Act Amendments
- S.J.Res. 102 (93rd): Joint resolution to authorize and request the President to proclaim June 17, 1973, as a day of commemoration of the opening of the upper Mississippi River by ...
Does 2 not sound like a lot? Very few bills are ever enacted — most legislators sponsor only a handful that are signed into law. But there are other legislative activities that we don’t track that are also important, including offering amendments, committee work and oversight of the other branches, and constituent services.
We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if at least about half of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).
Hughes sponsored bills primarily in these issue areas:
Some of Hughes’s most recently sponsored bills include...
- S. 4190 (93rd): A bill to amend chapter 41 of title 10, United States Code, ...
- S. 3144 (93rd): A bill for the relief of Gregg Kenneth LeDuc.
- S. 2876 (93rd): A bill for the relief of Carmichael C. Peters.
- S. 2853 (93rd): A bill to provide for the relief of Lt. (jg.) Charles W. ...
- S. 2472 (93rd): A bill for the relief of Colonel Paul H. Thompson, United States ...
- S. 1788 (93rd): A bill to authorize the modification of the project for flood protection ...
- S.J.Res. 102 (93rd): Joint resolution to authorize and request the President to proclaim June 17, ...
From Jan 1969 to Dec 1974, Hughes missed 459 of 2,759 roll call votes, which is 16.6%. This is worse than the median of 13.4% among the lifetime records of senators serving in Dec 1974. The chart below reports missed votes over time.
We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses and major life events.
|Time Period||Votes Eligible||Missed Votes||Percent||Percentile|
The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including:
- unitedstates/congress-legislators, a community project gathering congressional information
- United States Congressional Roll Call Voting Records, 1789-1990 by Howard L. Rosenthal and Keith T. Poole.
- Martis’s “The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress”, via Keith Poole’s roll call votes data set, for political party affiliation for Members of Congress from 1789 through about year 2000
- Biographical Directory of the United States Congress for the photo
- GovInfo.gov, for sponsored bills