Volkmer was the representative for Missouri’s 9th congressional district and was a Democrat. He served from 1977 to 1996.
Volkmer is shown as a purple triangle ▲ in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot was a member of the House of Representatives in 1996 positioned according to our liberal–conservative ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).
The chart is based on the bills Volkmer sponsored and cosponsored from Jan 3, 1991 to Oct 3, 1996. See full analysis methodology.
Volkmer was the primary sponsor of 5 bills that were enacted:
- H.J.Res. 111 (103rd): Designating October 21, 1993, as “National Biomedical Research Day”.
- H.R. 6014 (102nd): To designate certain land in the State of Missouri owned by the United States and administered by the Secretary of Agriculture as part of the Mark Twain ...
- H.R. 829 (101st): Wildfire Suppression Assistance Act
- H.R. 4936 (100th): Wildfire Suppression Assistance Act
- H.J.Res. 259 (99th): A joint resolution to designate November 30, 1985, as “National Mark Twain Day”.
Does 5 not sound like a lot? Very few bills are ever enacted — most legislators sponsor only a handful that are signed into law. But there are other legislative activities that we don’t track that are also important, including offering amendments, committee work and oversight of the other branches, and constituent services.
We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if at least about half of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).
Volkmer sponsored bills primarily in these issue areas:
Government Operations and Politics (24%) Taxation (14%) Law (14%) Health (14%) Economics and Public Finance (10%) Labor and Employment (9%) Agriculture and Food (9%) Armed Forces and National Security (7%)
Some of Volkmer’s most recently sponsored bills include...
- H.J.Res. 187 (104th): Proposing an amendment to the Constitution of the United States relative to ...
- H.R. 3658 (104th): Campaign Spending Limitation Reform Act of 1996
- H.R. 3492 (104th): Utility Consumer Service Improvement and Protection Act of 1996
- H.R. 2797 (104th): Ethics Reform Act of 1995
- H.R. 920 (104th): Back-To-Basics Crime Control Act of 1995
- H.R. 809 (104th): To authorize and direct the General Accounting Office to audit the Federal ...
- H.R. 741 (104th): Welfare to Self-Sufficiency Act of 1994
From Jan 1977 to Sep 1996, Volkmer missed 377 of 10,661 roll call votes, which is 3.5%. This is on par with the median of 2.7% among the lifetime records of representatives serving in Sep 1996. The chart below reports missed votes over time.
We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses and major life events.
|Time Period||Votes Eligible||Missed Votes||Percent||Percentile|
The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including:
- unitedstates/congress-legislators, a community project gathering congressional information
- The House and Senate websites, for committee membership and voting records
- United States Congressional Roll Call Voting Records, 1789-1990 by Howard L. Rosenthal and Keith T. Poole.
- Martis’s “The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress”, via Keith Poole’s roll call votes data set, for political party affiliation for Members of Congress from 1789 through about year 2000
- Biographical Directory of the United States Congress for the photo
- GovInfo.gov, for sponsored bills