Johnston is shown as a purple triangle ▲ in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot was a member of the House of Representatives in 1996 positioned according to our ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).
The chart is based on the bills Johnston sponsored and cosponsored from Jan 3, 1991 to Oct 3, 1996. See full analysis methodology.
Johnston was the primary sponsor of 2 bills that were enacted:
- H.R. 808 (103rd): For the relief of James B. Stanley.
- H.R. 3225 (103rd): South African Democratic Transition Support Act of 1993
Does 2 not sound like a lot? Very few bills are ever enacted — most legislators sponsor only a handful that are signed into law. But there are other legislative activities that we don’t track that are also important, including offering amendments, committee work and oversight of the other branches, and constituent services.
We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if at least about half of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).
Johnston sponsored bills primarily in these issue areas:
Some of Johnston’s most recently sponsored bills include...
- H.Res. 468 (104th): Relating to a question of the privileges of the House.
- H.R. 3263 (104th): Law Enforcement and Correctional Officers Employment Registration Act of 1996
- H.Res. 288 (104th): Relating to a question of the privileges of the House.
- H.R. 2224 (104th): To exempt disability and survivor annuities from the provision delaying the cost-of-living ...
- H.R. 958 (104th): Older Women’s Breast Cancer Detection Act of 1995
- H.R. 4935 (103rd): To provide that recipients of export promotion assistance should meet certain requirements.
- H.R. 4613 (103rd): To protect the ecologically fragile coastal resources of south Florida by prohibiting ...
From Jan 1989 to Sep 1996, Johnston missed 300 of 4,298 roll call votes, which is 7.0%. This is much worse than the median of 2.7% among the lifetime records of representatives serving in Sep 1996. The chart below reports missed votes over time.
We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses and major life events.
|Time Period||Votes Eligible||Missed Votes||Percent||Percentile|
The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including:
- unitedstates/congress-legislators, a community project gathering congressional information
- The House and Senate websites, for committee membership and voting records
- United States Congressional Roll Call Voting Records, 1789-1990 by Howard L. Rosenthal and Keith T. Poole.
- Martis’s “The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress”, via Keith Poole’s roll call votes data set, for political party affiliation for Members of Congress from 1789 through about year 2000
- Biographical Directory of the United States Congress for the photo
- GovInfo.gov, for sponsored bills