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Sen. Harry Reid’s 2016 Report Card

Senate Minority Leader
Senior Senator from Nevada
Democrat
Served Jan 6, 1987 – Jan 3, 2017


These special statistics cover Reid’s record during the 114th Congress (Jan 6, 2015-Jan 3, 2017) and compare him to other senators also serving at the end of the session. Last updated on Aug 24, 2017. The statistics were updated on Jan 20, 2017 and Aug 24, 2017 to improve how we counted enacted laws. Originally published on Jan 7, 2017.

Members of Congress with party leadership roles often do not participate in the legislative process in the same way as other Members of Congress. Since Reid was busy being Minority Leader, the metrics of legislative activity listed below may not apply.

A higher or lower number below doesn’t necessarily make this legislator any better or worse, or more or less effective, than other Members of Congress. We present these statistics for you to understand the quantitative aspects of Reid’s legislative career and make your own judgements based on what activities you think are important.

Keep in mind that there are many important aspects of being a legislator besides what can be measured, such as constituent services and performing oversight of the executive branch, which aren’t reflected here.

 

Cosponsored the fewest bills compared to Senate Democrats

Reid cosponsored 152 bills and resolutions introduced by other Members of Congress. Cosponsorship shows a willingness to work with others to advance policy goals. View Cosponsored Bills »

Compare to all Senate Democrats (0th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (11th percentile); All Senators (7th percentile).


 

Got bipartisan cosponsors on the fewest bills compared to Senate Democrats

Reid tends to gather cosponsors only on one side of the aisle. 3 of Reid’s 23 bills and resolutions had both a Democratic cosponsor and a Republican cosponsor in the 114th Congress.

Compare to all Senate Democrats (0th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (9th percentile); All Senators (6th percentile).


 

Held the fewest committee positions compared to Serving 10+ Years (tied with 1 other)

Reid held a leadership position on 0 committees and 0 subcommittees, as either a chair (majority party) or ranking member (minority party), at the end of the session. For comparison to other Members of Congress, we assigned a score giving five points for each full committee leadership position and one point for each subcommittee leadership position. View Reid’s Profile »

Compare to all Senate Democrats (0th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (0th percentile); All Senators (0th percentile).


 

Got their bills out of committee the 4th least often compared to Serving 10+ Years (tied with 4 others)

Most bills and resolutions languish in committee without any action. Reid introduced 1 bill in the 114th Congress that got past committee and to the floor for consideration.

Those bills were: S. 1436: Nevada Native Nations Land Act

Compare to all Senate Democrats (9th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (6th percentile); All Senators (7th percentile).


 

Ranked the 6th bottom follower compared to Serving 10+ Years

Our unique leadership analysis looks at who is cosponsoring whose bills. A higher score shows a greater ability to get cosponsors on bills.

For more, see our methodology. Note that because on this page only legislative activity in the 114th Congress is considered, the leadership score here may differ from Reid’s score elsewhere on GovTrack.

Compare to all Senate Democrats (18th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (11th percentile); All Senators (21st percentile).


 

Introduced the 6th fewest bills compared to Senate Democrats

Reid introduced 23 bills and resolutions in the 114th Congress. View Bills »

Compare to all Senate Democrats (11th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (15th percentile); All Senators (19th percentile).


 

Was 7th most absent in votes compared to All Senators

Reid missed 12.2% of votes (61 of 502 votes) in the 114th Congress. View Reid’s Profile »

Compare to all Serving 10+ Years (89th percentile); All Senators (93rd percentile).


 

Got the 8th fewest cosponsors on their bills compared to Serving 10+ Years

Reid’s bills and resolutions had 146 cosponsors in the 114th Congress. Securing cosponsors is an important part of getting support for a bill, although having more cosponsors does not always mean a bill will get a vote. View Bills »

Compare to all Senate Democrats (20th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (15th percentile); All Senators (27th percentile).


 

Got bicameral support on the 8th fewest bills compared to Senate Democrats (tied with 1 other)

The House and Senate often work on the same issue simultaneously by introducing companion bills in each chamber. 6 of Reid’s bills and resolutions had a companion bill in the House. Working with a sponsor in the other chamber makes a bill more likely to be passed by both the House and Senate.

Those bills were: S. 196: Garden Valley Withdrawal Act; S. 199: Gold Butte National Conservation Area ...; S. 691: Nuclear Waste Informed Consent Act; S. 1436: Nevada Native Nations Land Act; S. 2903: Max Cleland Congressional Gold Medal ...; S. 2924: Max Cleland Congressional Gold Medal ...

Compare to all Senate Democrats (16th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (19th percentile); All Senators (20th percentile).

Companion bills are those that are identified as “identical” by Congress’s Congressional Research Service.


 

Ranked 26th most liberal compared to All Senators

Our unique ideology analysis assigns a score to Members of Congress according to their legislative behavior by how similar the pattern of bills and resolutions they cosponsor are to other Members of Congress.

For more, see our methodology. Note that because on this page only legislative activity in the 114th Congress is considered, the ideology score here may differ from Reid’s score elsewhere on GovTrack.

Compare to all Senate Democrats (55th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (32nd percentile); All Senators (25th percentile).


 

Powerful Cosponsors

4 of Reid’s bills and resolutions in the 114th Congress had a cosponsor who was a chair or ranking member of a committee that the bill was referred to. Getting support from committee leaders on relevant committees is a crucial step in moving legislation forward.

Those bills were: S. 2377: Defeat ISIS and Protect and ...; S. 2540: Fair Day in Court for ...; S. 2924: Max Cleland Congressional Gold Medal ...; S. 3106: Secure the Northern Triangle Act

Compare to all Senate Democrats (36th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (26th percentile); All Senators (40th percentile).


 

Joining Bipartisan Bills

Of the 152 bills that Reid cosponsored, 33% were introduced by a legislator who was not a Democrat. View Cosponsored Bills »

Compare to all Senate Democrats (41st percentile); Serving 10+ Years (65th percentile); All Senators (68th percentile).

Only Democratic and Republican Members of Congress who cosponsored more than 10 bills and resolutions are included in this statistic.


 

Government Transparency

GovTrack looked at whether Reid supported any of 22 government transparency, accountability, and effectiveness bills in the Senate that we identified in this session. We gave Reid 1 point, based on one point for cosponsoring and three points for sponsoring any of these bills.

Reid cosponsored S. 366: Senate Campaign Disclosure Parity Act

Compare to all Senate Democrats (0th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (28th percentile); All Senators (28th percentile).


 

Laws Enacted

Reid introduced 1 bill that became law, including via incorporation into other measures, in the 114th Congress. Keep in mind that it takes a law to repeal a law. Very few bills ever become law. View Enacted Bills »

Those bills were: S. 1436: Nevada Native Nations Land Act

Compare to all Senate Democrats (11th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (11th percentile); All Senators (15th percentile).

The legislator must be the primary sponsor of the bill or joint resolution that was enacted or the primary sponsor of a bill or joint resolution for which at least about one third of its text was incorporated into another bill or joint resolution that was enacted as law, as determined by an automated analysis. While a legislator may lay claim to authoring other bills that became law, these cases are difficult for us to track quantitatively. We also exclude bills where the sponsor’s original intent is not in the final bill.


Additional Notes

The Speaker’s Votes: Missed votes are not computed for the Speaker of the House. According to current House rules, the Speaker of the House is not required to vote in “ordinary legislative proceedings.” In practice this means the Speaker of the House rarely votes but is not considered absent.

Leadership/Ideology: The leadership and ideology scores are not displayed for Members of Congress who introduced fewer than 10 bills, or, for ideology, for Members of Congress that have a low leadership score, as there is usually not enough data in these cases to compute reliable leadership and ideology statistics.

Missing Bills: We exclude bills from some statistics where the sponsor’s original intent is not in the final bill because the bill’s text was replaced in whole with unrelated provisions (i.e. it became a vehicle for passage of unrelated provisions).

Ranking Members (RkMembs): The chair of a committee is always selected from the political party that holds the most seats in the chamber, called the “majority party”. The “ranking member” (sometimes “RkMembs”) is the title given to the senior-most member of the committee not in the majority party.

Freshmen/Sophomores: Freshmen and sophomores are Members of Congress whose first term (in the same chamber at the end of the 114th Congress) was the 114th Congress (freshmen) or 113th (sophomores). Members of Congress who took office within the last few months of a Congress are considered freshmen in the next Congress as well.