Rep. Hopkins Holsey
Former Representative for Georgia
Legislators who enslaved Black people
From Dec 1835 to Mar 1839, Holsey missed 455 of 934 roll call votes, which is 48.7%. This is much worse than the median of 23.4% among the lifetime records of representatives serving in Mar 1839. The chart below reports missed votes over time.
We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses, major life events, and running for higher office.
|Time Period||Votes Eligible||Missed Votes||Percent||Percentile|
|Dec 1835-Feb 1836||57||4||7.0%||34th|
|Dec 1836-Mar 1837||136||84||61.8%||95th|
|Dec 1837-Feb 1838||52||11||21.2%||53rd|
|Dec 1838-Mar 1839||145||97||66.9%||96th|
The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including:
- unitedstates/congress-legislators, a community project gathering congressional information
- United States Congressional Roll Call Voting Records, 1789-1990 by Howard L. Rosenthal and Keith T. Poole.
- Martis’s “The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress”, via Keith Poole’s roll call votes data set, for political party affiliation for Members of Congress from 1789 through about year 2000