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Sen. Howard Baker Jr.

Former Senator for Tennessee

Baker was a senator from Tennessee and was a Republican. He served from 1967 to 1984.

Photo of Sen. Howard Baker [R-TN, 1967-1984]

Analysis

Ideology–Leadership Chart

Baker is shown as a purple triangle in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot was a member of the Senate in 1984 positioned according to our liberal–conservative ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).

The chart is based on the bills Baker sponsored and cosponsored from Jan 15, 1979 to Oct 12, 1984. See full analysis methodology.

Enacted Legislation

Baker was the primary sponsor of 16 bills that were enacted. The most recent include:

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Does 16 not sound like a lot? Very few bills are ever enacted — most legislators sponsor only a handful that are signed into law. But there are other legislative activities that we don’t track that are also important, including offering amendments, committee work and oversight of the other branches, and constituent services.

We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if at least about half of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).

Bills Sponsored

Issue Areas

Baker sponsored bills primarily in these issue areas:

Government Operations and Politics (27%) International Affairs (22%) Private Legislation (12%) Transportation and Public Works (10%) Taxation (7%) Civil Rights and Liberties, Minority Issues (7%) Economics and Public Finance (7%) Environmental Protection (7%)

Recent Bills

Some of Baker’s most recently sponsored bills include...

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Voting Record

Missed Votes

From Jan 1967 to Oct 1984, Baker missed 1,648 of 8,504 roll call votes, which is 19.4%. This is much worse than the median of 6.9% among the lifetime records of senators serving in Oct 1984. The chart below reports missed votes over time.

We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses and major life events.

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Primary Sources

The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including: