skip to main content

Sen. Howard Metzenbaum

Former Senator for Ohio

Metzenbaum was a senator from Ohio and was a Democrat. He served from 1976 to 1994.

He was previously a senator from Ohio as a Democrat from 1974 to 1974.

Photo of Sen. Howard Metzenbaum [D-OH, 1976-1994]


Ideology–Leadership Chart

Metzenbaum is shown as a purple triangle in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot was a member of the Senate in 1994 positioned according to our ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).

The chart is based on the bills Metzenbaum sponsored and cosponsored from Jan 25, 1989 to Dec 1, 1994. See full analysis methodology.

Enacted Legislation

Metzenbaum was the primary sponsor of 42 bills that were enacted. The most recent include:

View All »

Does 42 not sound like a lot? Very few bills are ever enacted — most legislators sponsor only a handful that are signed into law. But there are other legislative activities that we don’t track that are also important, including offering amendments, committee work and oversight of the other branches, and constituent services.

We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if at least about half of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).

Bills Sponsored

Issue Areas

Metzenbaum sponsored bills primarily in these issue areas:

Government Operations and Politics (18%) Crime and Law Enforcement (15%) Labor and Employment (14%) Commerce (14%) Finance and Financial Sector (14%) Health (10%) Law (9%) Foreign Trade and International Finance (7%)

Recently Introduced Bills

Metzenbaum recently introduced the following legislation:

View All » | View Cosponsors »

Most legislation has no activity after being introduced.

Voting Record

Missed Votes

From Jan 1974 to Dec 1994, Metzenbaum missed 376 of 7,832 roll call votes, which is 4.8%. This is on par with the median of 3.4% among the lifetime records of senators serving in Dec 1994. The chart below reports missed votes over time.

We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses, major life events, and running for higher office.

Show the numbers...

Primary Sources

The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including: