Our unique analysis of the bills Metzenbaum sponsored and cosponsored provides insight into his position in the Senate.
Each dot in the chart below was a member of the Senate in 1994. The dots are positioned horizontally according to our progressive—conservative ideology score and vertically according to our leadership score (leaders toward the top). Metzenbaum is shown as a purple triangle. (analysis methodology)
Metzenbaum was the primary sponsor of 42 bills that were enacted. The most recent include:
- S. 1312 (103rd): Pension Annuitants Protection Act of 1994
- S. 664 (103rd): A bill making a technical amendment of the Clayton Act.
- S. 3279 (102nd): A bill to extend the authorization of use of official mail in the location and recovery of missing children, and for other purposes.
- S. 1577 (102nd): Alzheimer’s Disease Research, Training, and Education Amendments of 1992
- S. 749 (102nd): A bill to rename and expand the boundaries of the Mound City Group National Monument in Ohio.
- S. 1532 (102nd): Abandoned Infants Assistance Act Amendments of 1991
- S. 367 (102nd): Nontraditional Employment for Women Act
We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if about one third or more of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).
Metzenbaum sponsored bills primarily in these issue areas:
Government Operations and Politics (18%) Crime and Law Enforcement (15%) Labor and Employment (14%) Commerce (14%) Finance and Financial Sector (14%) Health (10%) Law (9%) Foreign Trade and International Finance (7%)
Some of Metzenbaum’s most recently sponsored bills include...
- S. 2531 (103rd): Pension Bill of Rights Act of 1994
- S. 2504 (103rd): Contingent Workforce Equity Act
- S. 2380 (103rd): Baseball Fans Protection Act of 1994
- S.Res. 247 (103rd): A resolution condemning the recent acts of international terrorism committed against Jewish ...
- S. 2306 (103rd): Securities Fraud Fairness Act
- S. 2297 (103rd): International Antitrust Enforcement Assistance Act of 1994
- S.Con.Res. 69 (103rd): A concurrent resolution expressing the sense of the Congress that any legislation ...
From Jan 1974 to Dec 1994, Metzenbaum missed 376 of 7,832 roll call votes, which is 4.8%. This is on par with the median of 3.4% among the lifetime records of senators serving in Dec 1994. The chart below reports missed votes over time.
|Time Period||Votes Eligible||Missed Votes||Percent||Percentile|
The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including:
- Congress-Legislators, a community project collecting election information
- The House and Senate websites, for committee membership and voting records
- United States Congressional Roll Call Voting Records, 1789-1990 by Howard L. Rosenthal and Keith T. Poole.
- Martis’s “The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress”, via Keith Poole’s roll call votes data set, for political party affiliation for Members of Congress from 1789 through about year 2000
- Biographical Directory of the United States Congress for the photo
- GPO.gov/FDSys, for sponsored bills