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Rep. Jack Brooks

Former Representative for Texas’s 9th District

Brooks was the representative for Texas’s 9th congressional district and was a Democrat. He served from 1967 to 1994.

He was previously the representative for Texas’s 2nd congressional district as a Democrat from 1953 to 1966.

Photo of Rep. Jack Brooks [D-TX9, 1967-1994]


Ideology–Leadership Chart

Brooks is shown as a purple triangle in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot was a member of the House of Representatives in 1994 positioned according to our ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).

The chart is based on the bills Brooks sponsored and cosponsored from Jan 3, 1989 to Nov 29, 1994. See full analysis methodology.

Enacted Legislation

Brooks was the primary sponsor of 55 bills that were enacted. The most recent include:

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Does 55 not sound like a lot? Very few bills are ever enacted — most legislators sponsor only a handful that are signed into law. But there are other legislative activities that we don’t track that are also important, including offering amendments, committee work and oversight of the other branches, and constituent services.

We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if at least about half of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).

Bills Sponsored

Issue Areas

Brooks sponsored bills primarily in these issue areas:

Crime and Law Enforcement (16%) Law (16%) Commerce (13%) Government Operations and Politics (13%) Finance and Financial Sector (12%) Foreign Trade and International Finance (12%) Transportation and Public Works (10%) Families (8%)

Recently Introduced Bills

Brooks recently introduced the following legislation:

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Most legislation has no activity after being introduced.

Voting Record

Missed Votes

From Jan 1953 to Nov 1994, Brooks missed 1,532 of 14,776 roll call votes, which is 10.4%. This is much worse than the median of 3.4% among the lifetime records of representatives serving in Nov 1994. The chart below reports missed votes over time.

We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses and major life events.

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Primary Sources

The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including: