Howard, a Republican, was a senator from Michigan from 1865 to 1871.
He was previously a senator from Michigan (1862-1865); and the representative for Michigan's 1st congressional district (1841-1843; Whig).
From Jan 1862 to Mar 1871, Howard missed 867 of 3,209 roll call votes, which is 27.0%. This is on par with the median of 27.9% among the lifetime records of senators serving in Mar 1871. The chart below reports missed votes over time.
|Time Period||Votes Eligible||Missed Votes||Percent||Percentile|
|Dec 1861-Feb 1862||46||3||6.5%||53rd|
|Dec 1862-Mar 1863||247||37||15.0%||59th|
|Dec 1863-Feb 1864||69||7||10.1%||26th|
|Dec 1864-Mar 1865||161||53||32.9%||75th|
|Dec 1865-Feb 1866||39||2||5.1%||10th|
|Dec 1866-Mar 1867||217||58||26.7%||48th|
|Dec 1867-Feb 1868||55||6||10.9%||20th|
|Dec 1868-Mar 1869||156||55||35.3%||75th|
|Dec 1869-Feb 1870||81||10||12.3%||41st|
|Dec 1870-Mar 1871||194||94||48.5%||79th|
The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including:
- @unitedstates/congress-legislators, a community project gathering congressional information
- United States Congressional Roll Call Voting Records, 1789-1990 by Howard L. Rosenthal and Keith T. Poole.
- Martis’s “The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress”, via Keith Poole’s roll call votes data set, for political party affiliation for Members of Congress from 1789 through about year 2000
- Biographical Directory of the United States Congress for the photo