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Sen. Jacob Howard

Former Senator for Michigan

Howard was a senator from Michigan and was a Republican. He served from 1865 to 1871.

He was previously a senator from Michigan as a Republican from 1862 to 1865; and the representative for Michigan’s 1st congressional district as a Whig from 1841 to 1843.

Photo of Sen. Jacob Howard [R-MI, 1865-1871]

Voting Record

Missed Votes

From Jan 1862 to Mar 1871, Howard missed 867 of 3,209 roll call votes, which is 27.0%. This is on par with the median of 27.9% among the lifetime records of senators serving in Mar 1871. The chart below reports missed votes over time.

We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses and major life events.

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Primary Sources

The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including: