Javits is shown as a purple triangle ▲ in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot was a member of the Senate in 1980 positioned according to our liberal–conservative ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).
The chart is based on the bills Javits sponsored and cosponsored from Jan 15, 1975 to Dec 16, 1980. See full analysis methodology.
Javits was the primary sponsor of 20 bills that were enacted. The most recent include:
- S. 1916 (96th): A bill to authorize operations by the Overseas Private Investment Corporation (OPIC) in the People’s Republic of China.
- S. 1658 (96th): Asbestos School Hazard Detection and Control Act of 1980
- S.J.Res. 131 (96th): A joint resolution designating April 10, 1980, as “ORT Centennial Day”.
- S. 2141 (96th): A bill to establish priorities in the payment of claims against the People’s Republic of China.
- S. 1535 (96th): An act to designate the Federal Building in Rochester, New York, the “Kenneth B. Keating Federal Building”.
- S. 230 (96th): Nurse Training Amendments of 1979
- S. 3061 (95th): New York City Financial Assistance Act
Does 20 not sound like a lot? Very few bills are ever enacted — most legislators sponsor only a handful that are signed into law. But there are other legislative activities that we don’t track that are also important, including offering amendments, committee work and oversight of the other branches, and constituent services.
We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if at least about half of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).
Javits sponsored bills primarily in these issue areas:
Some of Javits’s most recently sponsored bills include...
- S.Res. 532 (96th): A resolution expressing the sense of the Senate to establish an Office ...
- S. 3041 (96th): A bill to designate certain lands of the Fire Island National Seashore ...
- S. 3012 (96th): A bill to amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1954 to eliminate ...
- S. 2988 (96th): A bill for the relief of Michele Chiaramonte.
- S. 2876 (96th): Contraceptive Labeling and Advertising Act
- S.Res. 473 (96th): A resolution deploring the politicization of the Mid-Decade Women’s Conference and urging ...
- S. 2859 (96th): National Library and Information Services Act
From Feb 1957 to Dec 1980, Javits missed 1,238 of 9,062 roll call votes, which is 13.7%. This is worse than the median of 9.2% among the lifetime records of senators serving in Dec 1980. The chart below reports missed votes over time.
We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses and major life events.
|Time Period||Votes Eligible||Missed Votes||Percent||Percentile|
The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including:
- unitedstates/congress-legislators, a community project gathering congressional information
- United States Congressional Roll Call Voting Records, 1789-1990 by Howard L. Rosenthal and Keith T. Poole.
- Martis’s “The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress”, via Keith Poole’s roll call votes data set, for political party affiliation for Members of Congress from 1789 through about year 2000
- Biographical Directory of the United States Congress for the photo
- GovInfo.gov, for sponsored bills