Clarke is shown as a purple triangle ▲ in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot was a member of the House of Representatives in 1990 positioned according to our ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).
The chart is based on the bills Clarke sponsored and cosponsored from Jan 3, 1985 to Oct 27, 1990. See full analysis methodology.
Clarke was the primary sponsor of 2 bills that were enacted:
- H.R. 5004 (101st): To amend the Wild and Scenic Rivers Act to designate certain segments of the Mills River in the State of North Carolina for potential addition to the …
- H.R. 3960 (98th): North Carolina Wilderness Act of 1984
Does 2 not sound like a lot? Very few bills are ever enacted — most legislators sponsor only a handful that are signed into law. But there are other legislative activities that we don’t track that are also important, including offering amendments, committee work and oversight of the other branches, and constituent services.
We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if at least about half of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).
Clarke sponsored bills primarily in these issue areas:
Some of Clarke’s most recently sponsored bills include...
- H.R. 5004 (101st): To amend the Wild and Scenic Rivers Act to designate certain segments …
- H.R. 3291 (101st): To direct the Secretary of Health and Human Services to treat hospitals …
- H.R. 4988 (100th): A bill to prohibit the Tennessee Valley Authority from taking any action …
- H.Con.Res. 211 (100th): A concurrent resolution expressing the sense of the Congress to commend the …
- H.R. 1495 (100th): Great Smoky Mountains Wilderness Act
- H.R. 1151 (100th): Freeze Assistance Act of 1987
- H.R. 6115 (98th): A bill to require the Tennessee Valley Authority to maintain the levels …
From Jan 1983 to Oct 1990, Clarke missed 130 of 2,749 roll call votes, which is 4.7%. This is on par with the median of 4.8% among the lifetime records of representatives serving in Oct 1990. The chart below reports missed votes over time.
We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses and major life events.
|Time Period||Votes Eligible||Missed Votes||Percent||Percentile|
The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including:
- unitedstates/congress-legislators, a community project gathering congressional information
- The House and Senate websites, for committee membership and voting records
- United States Congressional Roll Call Voting Records, 1789-1990 by Howard L. Rosenthal and Keith T. Poole.
- Martis’s “The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress”, via Keith Poole’s roll call votes data set, for political party affiliation for Members of Congress from 1789 through about year 2000
- GovInfo.gov, for sponsored bills