Courter is shown as a purple triangle ▲ in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot was a member of the House of Representatives in 1990 positioned according to our liberal–conservative ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).
The chart is based on the bills Courter sponsored and cosponsored from Jan 3, 1985 to Oct 27, 1990. See full analysis methodology.
Courter was the primary sponsor of 3 bills that were enacted:
- H.J.Res. 410 (100th): A joint resolution designating December 7, 1987, as “National Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day” on the occasion of the anniversary of the attack on Pearl Harbor.
- H.J.Res. 524 (99th): A joint resolution to designate December 7, 1986, as “National Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day” on the occasion of the anniversary of the attack on Pearl Harbor.
- H.J.Res. 405 (98th): A joint resolution to extend the term of the Presidential Commission for the German-American Tricentennial, and for other purposes.
Does 3 not sound like a lot? Very few bills are ever enacted — most legislators sponsor only a handful that are signed into law. But there are other legislative activities that we don’t track that are also important, including offering amendments, committee work and oversight of the other branches, and constituent services.
We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if at least about half of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).
Courter sponsored bills primarily in these issue areas:
International Affairs (21%) Foreign Trade and International Finance (17%) Armed Forces and National Security (13%) Environmental Protection (13%) Taxation (11%) Government Operations and Politics (11%) Civil Rights and Liberties, Minority Issues (9%) Crime and Law Enforcement (6%)
Some of Courter’s most recently sponsored bills include...
- H.R. 5414 (101st): Safe Senior Citizens Housing Act of 1990
- H.R. 5159 (101st): Senior Citizens Fire Safety Act of 1990
- H.R. 4678 (101st): To suspend for a 5-year period the duty on Dithiobisbenzanilide.
- H.R. 4332 (101st): To direct the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency to carry out ...
- H.R. 4182 (101st): To temporarily suspend the duty on isophorone diisocyanate and trimethyl hexamethylene diisocyanate.
- H.R. 3579 (101st): To express the sense of Congress with respect to the use of ...
- H.R. 3571 (101st): Morris and Delaware and Raritan Navigation Canal National Heritage Corridor Act of ...
From Jan 1979 to Oct 1990, Courter missed 666 of 5,727 roll call votes, which is 11.6%. This is much worse than the median of 4.8% among the lifetime records of representatives serving in Oct 1990. The chart below reports missed votes over time.
We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses and major life events.
|Time Period||Votes Eligible||Missed Votes||Percent||Percentile|
The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including:
- unitedstates/congress-legislators, a community project gathering congressional information
- The House and Senate websites, for committee membership and voting records
- United States Congressional Roll Call Voting Records, 1789-1990 by Howard L. Rosenthal and Keith T. Poole.
- Martis’s “The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress”, via Keith Poole’s roll call votes data set, for political party affiliation for Members of Congress from 1789 through about year 2000
- GovInfo.gov, for sponsored bills