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Rep. James Hanks

Former Representative for Arkansas’s 1st District

Hanks was the representative for Arkansas’s 1st congressional district and was a Democrat. He served from 1871 to 1873.

Legislators who enslaved Black people

Hanks was among more than 1,800 legislators who enslaved Black people. The Washington Post compiled the first database of slaveholding members of Congress by examining thousands of pages of census records and historical documents. Hanks was one of them.

Voting Record

Missed Votes

From Mar 1871 to Mar 1873, Hanks missed 135 of 517 roll call votes, which is 26.1%. This is on par with the median of 24.6% among the lifetime records of representatives serving in Mar 1873. The chart below reports missed votes over time.

We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses, major life events, and running for higher office.

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Primary Sources

The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including: