Rep. James Howard

Former Representative from New Jersey’s 3rd District, Democrat

Howard, a Democrat, was the representative for New Jersey's 3rd congressional district from 1965 to 1988.

Photo of Rep. James Howard [D-NJ3, 1965-1988]

Analysis

Our unique analysis of the bills Howard sponsored and cosponsored provides insight into his position in the House of Representatives.

Each dot in the chart below was a member of the House of Representatives in 1988. The dots are positioned horizontally according to our progressive—conservative ideology score and vertically according to our leadership score (leaders toward the top). Howard is shown as a purple triangle. (analysis methodology)

Enacted Legislation

Howard was the primary sponsor of 37 bills that were enacted. The most recent include:

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We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if about one third or more of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).

Bills Sponsored

Issue Areas

Howard sponsored bills primarily in these issue areas:

Economics and Public Finance (26%) Government Operations and Politics (26%) Transportation and Public Works (19%) Environmental Protection (13%) Water Resources Development (5%) Taxation (4%) Education (4%) Arts, Culture, Religion (3%)

Recent Bills

Some of Howard’s most recently sponsored bills include...

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Voting Record

Missed Votes

From Jan 1965 to Mar 1988, Howard missed 1,129 of 10,270 roll call votes, which is 11.0%. This is much worse than the median of 5.5% among the lifetime records of representatives serving in Mar 1988. The chart below reports missed votes over time.

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Primary Sources

The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including: