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Sen. James “Jim” Jeffords

Former Senator from Vermont, Independent

Jeffords, an Independent, was a senator from Vermont from 1989 to 2006.

He was previously the representative for Vermont's at-large district (1975-1988; Republican).

Photo of Sen. James “Jim” Jeffords [I-VT, 1989-2006]


Our unique analysis of the bills Jeffords sponsored and cosponsored provides insight into his position in the Senate.

Each dot in the chart below was a member of the Senate in 2006. The dots are positioned horizontally according to our progressive—conservative ideology score and vertically according to our leadership score (leaders toward the top). Jeffords is shown as a purple triangle. (analysis methodology)

Enacted Legislation

Jeffords was the primary sponsor of 24 bills that were enacted. The most recent include:

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We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if about one third or more of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).

Bills Sponsored

Issue Areas

Jeffords sponsored bills primarily in these issue areas:

Government Operations and Politics (19%) Economics and Public Finance (16%) Science, Technology, Communications (13%) Environmental Protection (13%) Health (10%) Public Lands and Natural Resources (10%) Commerce (9%) Law (9%)

Recent Bills

Some of Jeffords’s most recently sponsored bills include...

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Voting Record

Missed Votes

From Jan 1989 to Dec 2006, Jeffords missed 246 of 6,068 roll call votes, which is 4.1%. This is much worse than the median of 2.0% among the lifetime records of senators serving in Dec 2006. The chart below reports missed votes over time.

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Primary Sources

The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including: