Sanford is shown as a purple triangle ▲ in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot was a member of the Senate in 1992 positioned according to our liberal–conservative ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).
The chart is based on the bills Sanford sponsored and cosponsored from Jan 6, 1987 to Oct 8, 1992. See full analysis methodology.
Sanford was the primary sponsor of 3 bills that were enacted:
- S. 1298 (102nd): A bill to designate the facility of the United States Postal Service located on Highway 64 East in Hiddenite, North Carolina, as the “Zora Leah S. Thomas ...
- S. 1563 (101st): Southeast Interstate Low-Level Radioactive Waste Compact Amendments Consent Act of 1989
- S.J.Res. 138 (100th): A joint resolution to designate the period commencing on July 13, 1987, and ending on July 26, 1987, as “U.S. Olympic Festival-’87 Celebration”, and to designate July ...
Does 3 not sound like a lot? Very few bills are ever enacted — most legislators sponsor only a handful that are signed into law. But there are other legislative activities that we don’t track that are also important, including offering amendments, committee work and oversight of the other branches, and constituent services.
We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if at least about half of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).
Sanford sponsored bills primarily in these issue areas:
Foreign Trade and International Finance (24%) Government Operations and Politics (17%) Economics and Public Finance (14%) Finance and Financial Sector (10%) Taxation (10%) Education (8%) Environmental Protection (8%) Public Lands and Natural Resources (8%)
Some of Sanford’s most recently sponsored bills include...
- S. 3277 (102nd): State Health Care Reform Incentive Act of 1992
- S. 3244 (102nd): Fish and Wildlife Law Enforcement Clarification Act of 1992
- S. 3067 (102nd): A bill to suspend until January 1, 1995, the duty on 1,8-Dichloroanthraquinone.
- S.Res. 326 (102nd): A resolution to express the sense of the Senate that a National ...
- S. 3004 (102nd): A bill to provide for the liquidation or reliquidation of a certain ...
- S. 3005 (102nd): A bill to continue the reduction of duties under the Harmonized Tariff ...
- S. 2838 (102nd): Honest Balanced Budget Act
From Jan 1987 to Oct 1992, Sanford missed 143 of 1,987 roll call votes, which is 7.2%. This is worse than the median of 4.7% among the lifetime records of senators serving in Oct 1992. The chart below reports missed votes over time.
We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses and major life events.
|Time Period||Votes Eligible||Missed Votes||Percent||Percentile|
The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including:
- unitedstates/congress-legislators, a community project gathering congressional information
- The House and Senate websites, for committee membership and voting records
- United States Congressional Roll Call Voting Records, 1789-1990 by Howard L. Rosenthal and Keith T. Poole.
- Martis’s “The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress”, via Keith Poole’s roll call votes data set, for political party affiliation for Members of Congress from 1789 through about year 2000
- Biographical Directory of the United States Congress for the photo
- GovInfo.gov, for sponsored bills